(1922-1995) Israeli Labour politician, prime minister 1974–77 and from 1992. His policy of favoring Palestinian self-government in the occupied territories contributed to the success of the center-left party in the 1992 elections. In Sept 1993 he signed a historic peace agreement with the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), providing for a phased withdrawal of Israeli forces. He was awarded the 1994 Nobel Prize for Peace jointly with Israeli foreign minister, Shimon Peres, and PLO leader, Yassir Arafat.
Rabin was minister for defense under the conservative Likud coalition government 1984–90.
Rabin was assassinated Nov 1995 following a peace rally in Tel Aviv, by Yigal Amir, a Jewish student opposed to the peace process.