Picasso | engleski leksikon


muški rodlično ime
/ pɪkɑːsoʊ /


(1881-1973) Spanish born painter important in the development of surrealism, especially via cubism and collage.
(1881-1973) Spanish artist. Active chiefly in France, he was one of the most inventive and prolific talents in 20th-century art. His Blue Period 1901–04 and Rose Period 1905–06 preceded the revolutionary Les Demoiselles d’Avignon 1907 (Museum of Modern Art, New York), which paved the way for Cubism. In the early 1920s he was considered a leader of the Surrealist movement. In the 1930s his work included metal sculpture, book illustration, and the mural Guernica 1937 (Prado, Madrid), a comment on the bombing of civilians in the Spanish Civil War. He continued to paint into his eighties.
Picasso was born in Málaga, son of an art teacher, José Ruiz Blasco, and an Andalusian mother, Maria Picasso López; he stopped using the name Ruiz 1898. He was a precocious artist by the age of 10, and at 16 was holding his first exhibition. In 1900 he made an initial visit to Paris, where he was to settle. From 1946 he lived mainly in the south of France where, in addition to painting, he experimented with ceramics, sculpture, sets for ballet (for example Parade 1917 for Diaghilev), book illustrations (such as Ovid’s Metamorphoses), and portraits (Stravinsky, Valéry, and others).


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