Autonomous republic of SW Russian Federation, part of Stavropol territory.
area 14,100 sq km/5,442 sq mi
physical in the Caucasus Mountains; densely forested
industries ore-mining, chemical and woodworking industries, livestock breeding, grain; tourism is important
history autonomous region 1922; divided into two 1926. Karachai region abolished 1943 when the Karachai people were exiled to Central Asia for alleged collaboration with the Germans. They returned 1957, and Karachai–Cherkess autonomous region was formed. An autonomous republic from 1990.