(1793-1863) US general who won independence for Texas from Mexico 1836 and was president of the Republic of Texas 1836–45. Houston, Texas, is named for him.
Houston was governor of the state of Tennessee and later US senator from and governor of the state of Texas. He took Indian citizenship when he married a Cherokee.
1. Borough in Pennsylvania (USA); zip code 15342.
2. City in Alaska (USA).
3. City in Minnesota (USA); zip code 55943.
4. City in Mississippi (USA); zip code 38851.
5. City in Missouri (USA); zip code 65483.
6. The largest city in Texas; located in southeastern Texas near the Gulf of Mexico; site of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.
7. Town in Arkansas (USA); zip code 72070.
8. Town in Delaware (USA); zip code 19954.
Port in Texas, US; linked by the Houston Ship Canal to the Gulf of Mexico, in the Gulf Coastal Plain; A major center of finance and commerce, Houston is also one of the busiest US ports. Industrial products include refined petroleum, oil-field equipment, and petrochemicals, chief of which are synthetic rubber, plastics, insecticides, and fertilizers. Other products include iron and steel, electrical and electronic machinery, paper products, and milled rice.
Houston was first settled 1826, and was originally called Harrisburg. It was destroyed 1836 by the Mexican army while in pursuit of the Texas army. It became a major cotton port and, following the discovery of oil 1907 and the completion of the ship canal 1914, its importance grew rapidly, and it became a leading oil center, with natural gas pipelines.
Texas Street is 100 ft wide, the width needed for 14 Texas longhorn cattle when being driven to market. Most of the architecture in Houston is modern, and many downtown buildings are connected by underground tunnels. In the Smith-Louisiana corridor, between tall glass buildings, there are outdoor sculptures by Miro, Oldenburg, and others. The Museum of Fine Arts houses the Bayou Bend Collection of American decorative arts. Other art centers include the Menil Collection 1987, and the Rothko Chapel, which contains 14 paintings by Mark Rothko. The Grand Opera House dates from 1894, and the Houston Symphony Orchestra performs at the Jesse H Jones Hall for the Performing Arts 1966.
Rice University 1912, and the Texas Medical Center 1945, including the M D Anderson Cancer Center, are here. The Lyndon B Johnson Space Center 1961 is the command post for flights by US astronauts; Tranquillity Park commemorates the first words of man on the moon, “Houston, Tranquillity Base here. The eagle has landed”. The Astrodome is the world’s first all-purpose, air-conditioned domed stadium.