British national anthem. The melody resembles a composition by John Bull and similar words are found from the 16th century. In its present form it dates from the 1745 Jacobite Rebellion, when it was used as an anti-Jacobite Party song.
In the US the song ‘America’, with the first line “My country, ’tis of thee”, is sung to the same tune. Variations on the ‘America’ theme were composed by Charles Ives 1891.