Council of Chal ... | engleski leksikon

1. Council of Chalcedon


Ecumenical council of the early Christian church, convoked 451 by the Roman emperor Marcian, and held at Chalcedon (now Kadiköy, Turkey). The council, attended by over 500 bishops, resulted in the Definition of Chalcedon, an agreed doctrine for both the Eastern and Western churches.
The council was assembled to repudiate the ideas of Eutyches on Jesus’ divine nature subsuming the human; it also rejected the Monophysite doctrine that Jesus had only one nature, and repudiated Nestorianism. It reached a compromise definition of Jesus’ nature intended to satisfy all factions: Jesus was one person in two natures, united “unconfusedly, unchangeably, indivisibly, inseparably”.

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