Family of Australian swimmers, credited with developing the swimming stroke known as the Australian crawl. Frederick (1839–1927) migrated from England in 1879 and became a swimming teacher. His six sons all became champion swimmers. Charles (1871–1897) was the first person to swim the Golden Gate, San Francisco (1896). Arthur Roland (1877–1914) is usually credited with the origin of the crawl. He also swam the Golden Gate. Sydney St Leonards (1880–1945) coached swimming in the US and was the originator of the butterfly stroke. Richard Theophilus (1884–1938) was the first person to use the crawl in competition swimming and also the first to swim 100 yards in under a minute.