(1541-1600) Historian and writer of the Ottoman Empire. Âli was responsible for much of the myth of the preceding reign of Suleiman (1520–66) as a golden age.
Ali · Cassius Clay · Cassius Marcellus Clay · Muhammad Ali
(c. 598-660) 4th caliph of Islam. He was born in Mecca, the son of Abu Talib, uncle to the prophet Mohammed, who gave him his daughter Fatima in marriage. On Mohammed's death 632, Ali had a claim to succeed him, but this was not conceded until 656. After a stormy reign, he was assassinated. Around Ali's name the controversy has raged between the Sunni and the Shiites (see Islam), the former denying his right to the caliphate and the latter supporting it.
(Ali Pasha) (1741-1822)
Turkish politician, known as Arslan (“the Lion”).
An Albanian, he was appointed pasha (governor) of the Janina region 1788 (now Ioánnina, Greece). His court was visited by the British poet Byron. He was assassinated.