obaveza prevod, srpsko - engleski rečnik

Prevod reči: obaveza

Smer prevoda: srpski > engleski

obaveza [ ženski rod ]

Zadatak, dužnost.

assumpsit [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

An express or implied promise or contract not under seal on which an action may be brought
A former common-law action brought to recover damages alleged from the breach of an assumpsit; an action to recover damages for breach of a contract
Law, contract (not under seal); suit for breach of such contract.

binding [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Strip sewn over or along an edge for reinforcement or decoration.
The capacity to attract and hold something.
The front and back covering of a book; SYN. book binding, cover, back.

bond [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

A superior quality of strong durable white writing paper; originally made for printing documents; SYN. bond paper.
An interest-bearing (or discounted) certificate of debt issued by a government or corporation in order to raise money; SYN. bond certificate.

boost [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Colloq. U. S.
The act of giving an upward push.
The act of giving hope or support to someone; SYN. encouragement.

buist [ imenica {arhaično, zastarelo} ]
Generiši izgovor

bus [ imenica {N/A} ]
Generiši izgovor

(transport) or omnibus Vehicle that carries fare-paying passengers on a fixed route, with frequent stops where passengers can get on and off.
An omnibus appeared briefly on the streets of Paris in the 1660s, when the mathematician Blaise Pascal introduced the first horse-drawn vehicles for public use. But a successful service, again in Paris, was not established until 182Two years later George Shillibeer introduced a horse-drawn bus in London.
Gasoline-engine buses came into general use by the 191and provide intracity and nationwide service through both public and private companies.

call [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

(Homonym: caul, col).
Brief visit in an official or professional capacity.
A brief social visit.
A demand especially in the phrase; SYN. claim.
A demand for a show of hands in a card game.
A request.
A telephone connection; SYN. phone call, telephone call.

commitment [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

The act of binding oneself (intellectually or emotionally) to a course of action; SYN. allegiance, loyalty, dedication.
An engagement by contract involving financial obligation.
A message that makes a pledge; SYN. dedication.
The official act of consigning a person to a prison (or mental hospital); SYN. committal, consignment.

compulsiveness [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

The trait of acting compulsively; SYN. compulsivity.

covenant [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Fren. covenant, from French and Old Fren. convenir to agree, Latin convenire. Related to Convene.
A signed written agreement between two or more parties (nations) to perform some action; SYN. compact, concordat.
(Bible) An agreement between God and his people in which God makes certain promises and requires certain behavior from them in return.
Solemn agreement between two parties. In Judaism, it describes especially the relationship between God and the Jewish people, based on God’s promise to Abraham and his descendants in the book of Genesis: “I will be your God and you will be my people”. Jewish life and practice are based on the covenant relationship with God: God gives his laws, recorded in the Torah, and Jews have a special duty to keep those laws as their side of the covenant. The term also refers to other oaths such as that taken by the Covenanters.

debt [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. dette, French dette, Late Lat. debita, from Latin debitus owed, p. p. of debere to owe, prop., to have on loan; de- + habere to have. Related to Habit, Debit, Due.
The amount that is owed.
The state of owing money.
Something that is owed by a person or organization, usually money, goods, or services, usually as a result of borrowing. Debt servicing is the payment of interest on a debt. The national debt of a country is the total money owed by the national government to private individuals, banks, and so on; international debt, the money owed by one country to another, began on a large scale with the investment in foreign countries by newly industrialized countries in the late 19th–early 20th centuries. International debt became a global problem as a result of the oil crisis of the 1970s.
As a result of the Bretton Woods conference in 194the World Bank (officially called the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development) was established 19as an agency of the United Nations to finance international development by providing loans where private capital was not forthcoming. Loans were made largely at prevailing market rates (“hard loans”) and therefore generally to the developed countries, who could afford them.
In 19the International Development Association (IDA) was set up as an offshoot of the World Bank to provide interest-free (“soft”) loans over a long period to finance the economies of developing countries and assist their long-term development. The cash surpluses of Middle Eastern oil-producing countries were channeled by Western banks to Third World countries. However, a slump in both the world economy and in increases in interest rates have resulted in the debtor countries paying an ever-increasing percentage share of their national output in debt-servicing (paying off the interest on a debt, rather than paying off the debt itself). As a result, many loans had to be rescheduled (renegotiated so that repayments were made over a longer term).
During the early 1980s, Poland and Brazil suspended some payments on their debt, and others threatened to follow suit. With debt-servicing ratios (proportion of export earnings required to pay debt obligations) of more than 5in some countries, the debt crisis threatened the stability of governments and the international, especially US, banking system. In 198one US bank announced that it was writing off $3 billion of international loans. The banks and the borrowing countries both recognized the need for relief, as debtor states could only pay the interest on existing loans by securing new loans.
Disagreement over who should bear the cost of debt relief has delayed any real reform. Austerity measures imposed by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) in exchange for loans have provoked riots and an increase in nationalist sentiment, but Brazil began making payments on its debt in 198and the US and Mexico have negotiated reduction plans. Poland received substantial loans 19from the US and W Europe to assist its transition to a market-based economy.

due [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

A payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership).
That which is deserved or owed.

duty [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM From Due.
The social force that binds one to one's obligations and the courses of action demanded by that force.
Work that one is obliged to perform for moral or legal reasons.
Moral obligation experienced as a felt commandment of the moral law. Moral conflicts occur where a number of duties make apparently irreconcilable demands on us.
The stoics in ancient Greece and Immanuel Kant in Germany (who coined the concept of the categorical imperative) are the moral philosophers who have placed greatest emphasis on duty. Duty is strongly emphasized in Confucianism (especially duty to the state and to ancestors) and in Japanese culture, where it is divided into obligations (on) that can and therefore must be repaid, and continuous obligations, such as those to parents and country.

engagement [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Cf. French engagement.
A job for performers or performing groups that lasts for a limited period of time; SYN. booking.
Contact by fitting together; SYN. mesh, meshing, interlocking.
Sharing the activities of a group; SYN. participation, involvement.
The period preceding marriage after the couple has become engaged.

enjoinder [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Order, command; ban, prohibition

incumbency [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM From Incumbent.
A duty that is incumbent upon you.
The office of an incumbent.

liability [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Possession that is owed to someone else; SYN. financial obligation, indebtedness, pecuniary obligation.
In accounting, a financial obligation. Liabilities are placed alongside assets on a balance sheet to show the wealth of the individual or company concerned at a given date. Business organizations often distinguish between current liabilities such as overdrafts, trade credit and provisions, and long-term liabilities such as debentures, mortgages, and unsecured loans.
The state of being legally obliged and responsible.
The quality of being something that holds one back.

obligation [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French obligation. Latin obligatio. Related to Oblige.
A legal agreement specifying a payment or action and the penalty for failure to comply.
The state of having financial obligations.
In politics, the duty of individuals to obey the laws of their state and, generally, to accept the authority of its government. The basis of political obligation has been depicted as a contract between ruler and people or as arising from the state's ability to provide for the welfare of its citizens.

plight [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. pliht danger, engagement, as. pliht danger, from pleón to risk; akin to Dutch plicht duty, German pflicht, Dan. pligt. Related to Play.
A solemn pledge of fidelity; SYN. troth.
An unfortunate, difficult, or precarious situation.

undertaking [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Any piece of work; SYN. project, task, labor.



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