kalendar prevod, srpsko - engleski rečnik

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kalendar [ muški rod ]

Provobitno, kod Rimljana, knjiga u koju su se unosili porezi primljeni o kalendama; docnije: prohod koji se od toga poreza dobivao; u novije vreme: godišnjak, tj. knjiga sa podelom godine na mesece (12), nedelje (5i dane (365), sa naznačenjem praznika. (lat.)

almanac [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Late Lat. almanac, almanach: cf. French almanach, Spanish almanaque, Italian almanacco, all of uncertain origin.
An annual publication containing tabular information in a particular field or fields arranged according to the calendar of a given year.
An annual publication including weather forecasts and other miscellaneous information arranged according to the calendar of a given year; SYN. farmer's calendar.

almanack [ imenica {arhaično, zastarelo} ]
Generiši izgovor

calendar [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. kalender, calender, from Latin kalendarium an interest or account book (cf. French calendrier, Old Fren. calendier) from Latin calendue, kalendae, calends. Related to Calends.
(Homonym: calender).
A list or register of events (appointments or social events or court cases etc).
A system of timekeeping that defines the beginning and length and divisions of the year.
A tabular array of the days (usually for one year).
System determining the length, starting point and subdivisions of the year; table, chart, etc. showing days, weeks and months of a particular year; schedule of events, engagements, etc.
Division of the year into months, weeks, and days and the method of ordering the years. From year one, an assumed date of the birth of Jesus, dates are calculated backward (BC “before Christ” or BCE “before common era”) and forward (AD, Latin anno Domini “in the year of the Lord”, or CE “common era”). The lunar month (period between one new moon and the next) naturally averages 29.5 days, but the Western calendar uses for convenience a calendar month with a complete number of days, or (Feb has 28). For adjustments, since there are slightly fewer than six extra hours a year left over, they are added to Feb as a 29th day every fourth year (leap year), century years being excepted unless they are divisible by 40For example, 18was a leap year; 19was not. 19is the next leap year.
The month names in most European languages were probably derived as follows: January from Janus, Roman god; February from Februar, Roman festival of purification; March from Mars, Roman god; April from Latin aperire, “to open”; May from Maia, Roman goddess; June from Juno, Roman goddess; July from Julius Caesar, Roman general; August from Augustus, Roman emperor; September, October, November, December (originally the seventh–tenth months) from the Latin words meaning seventh, eighth, ninth, and tenth, respectively.
The days of the week are Monday named for the Moon; Tuesday from Tiu or Tyr, Anglo-Saxon and Norse god; Wednesday from Woden or Odin, Norse god; Thursday from Thor, Norse god; Friday from Freya, Norse goddess; Saturday from Saturn, Roman god; and Sunday named for the Sun.
All early calendars except the ancient Egyptian were lunar. The word calendar comes from the Latin Kalendae or calendae, the first day of each month on which, in ancient Rome, solemn proclamation was made of the appearance of the new moon.
The Western or Gregorian calendar derives from the Julian calendar instituted by Julius Caesar BC. It was adjusted by Pope Gregory XIII 158who eliminated the accumulated error caused by a faulty calculation of the length of a year and avoided its recurrence by restricting century leap years to those divisible by 40Other states only gradually changed from Old Style to New Style; Britain and its colonies adopted the Gregorian calendar 175when the error amounted to days, and 3 Sept 17became Sept (at the same time the beginning of the year was put back from March to 1 Jan). Russia did not adopt it until the October Revolution of 191so that the event (then Oct) is currently celebrated 7 Nov.
The Jewish calendar is a complex combination of lunar and solar cycles, varied by considerations of religious observance. A year may have or months, each of which normally alternates between and days; the New Year (Rosh Hashanah) falls between 5 Sept and 5 Oct. The calendar dates from the hypothetical creation of the world (taken as 7 Oct 37BC).
The Chinese calendar is lunar, with a cycle of years. Both the traditional and, from 191the Western calendar are in use in China.
The Muslim calendar, also lunar, has months of alternately and days, and a year of 3days. This results in the calendar rotating around the seasons in a 30-year cycle. The era is counted as beginning on the day Mohammed fled from Mecca AD 622.

calendary [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

calends [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. kalendes month, calends, AS. calend month, from Latin calendae; akin to calare to call, proclaim, Greek. CF. Claim.
The first day of each month in the ancient Roman calendar. Written also.
First day of month in ancient Roman calendar. at the Greek calends, never.

diary [ imenica {N/A} ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Latin diarium, from dies day. Related to Deity.
A daily written record of (usually personal) experiences and observations; SYN. journal.
A personal record book (as a physical object).
Informal record of day-to-day events, observations, or reflections, usually not intended for a general readership. One of the earliest diaries extant is that of a Japanese noblewoman, the Kagero Nikki 954–97and the earliest known diary in English is that of Edward VI (ruled 1547–53). Notable diaries include those of Samuel Pepys and Anne Frank.
The writer John Evelyn, the Quaker George Fox, and in the 20th century the writers André Gide and Katherine Mansfield were also diarists.

ephemeris [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Latin, a diary, Greek, also, a calendar. Related to Ephemera.
An annual publication containing tables that give the positions of the celestial bodies throughout the year.
Table giving location of celestial body at different specific times.

zodiac [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French zodiaque (cf. Italian zodiaco), from Latin zodiacus, Greek zoidiakos, from zoon an animal, akin to zoo living.
(Astrology) A circular diagram representing the zodiacal constellations and showing their signs.
A belt-shaped region in the heavens on either side to the ecliptic; divided into constellations or signs for astrological purposes.

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