droit prevod, francusko - engleski rečnik

Prevod reči: droit

Smer prevoda: francuski > engleski

droit [ pridev ]
Generiši izgovor

Rectiligne. Ligne droite.
(Au figuré) Direct.
(Au figuré) Franc. Caractère droit.

direct [ pridev ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Latin directus, p. p. of dirigere to direct: cf. French direct. Related to Dress, Dirge.
Proceeding without deviation or interruption; straight and short.
As an immediate result or consequence.
Immediate or direct in bearing or force; having nothing intervening.
Exact.
Effected directly by action of the voters rather than through elected representatives.
Extended senses; direct in means or manner or behavior or language or action.
In precisely the same words used by a writer or speaker; SYN. verbatim.

perpendicular [ pridev ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Latin perpendicularis, perpendicularius: cf. French perpendiculaire. Related to Perpendicle, Pension.
Extremely steep.
Intersecting at or forming right angles.

right [ pridev ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. right, riht, as. riht.
(Homonym: rite, wright, write).
Being or located on or directed toward the side of the body to the east when facing north; on the right when facing downstream.
Pertaining to the right hand (as opposed to left); .
Intended for the right hand; SYN. right-hand.
Correct in opinion or judgment; SYN. correct.
In conformance with justice or law or morality.
In or into a satisfactory condition.
Of the side of cloth or clothing intended to face outward.
Of or belonging to the political or intellectual right.
(Geometry) Having the axis perpendicular to the base.

straight [ pridev ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Mid. Eng. strecchen to stretch.
(Homonym: strait).
Without curves.
Having no deviations.
Following a correct or logical method.
Erect in posture; SYN. unbent, unbowed, upright.
Neatly arranged; not disorderly.
Honest and morally upright.
Reliable in matters of fact.
Right; in keeping with the facts.
(Of hair) Having no waves or curls.
1Successive (without a break); SYN. consecutive.

droit [ muški rod ]
Generiši izgovor

Loi. Droit écrit.
Taxe. Droits d'enregistrement.
Permission. Droit de sortie.
Que l'on peut faire valoir

law [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of Eng. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. lög, Swed. lag, Dan. lov.
Body of rules and principles under which justice is administered or order enforced in a state or nation. In western Europe there are two main systems: Roman law and English law. US law is a modified form of English law.
Roman law legal system of ancient Rome that is now the basis of civil law, one of the main European legal systems.
It originated under the republic, was developed under the empire, and continued in use in the Byzantine empire until 145First codified in 4BC and finalized under Justinian AD 528–53it advanced to a system of international law (jus gentium), applied in disputes between Romans and foreigners or provincials, or between provincials of different states. Church influence led to the adoption of Roman law throughout western continental Europe, and it was spread to E Europe and parts of Asia by the French Code Napoléon in the 19th century. Scotland and Québec (because of their French links) and South Africa (because of its link with Holland) also have it as the basis of their legal systems.
English law derives from Anglo-Saxon customs, which were too entrenched to be broken by the Norman Conquest and still form the basis of the common law, which by 12had been systematized by the royal judges. Unique to English law is the doctrine of stare decisis (Latin “to stand by things decided”), which requires that courts abide by former precedents (or decisions) when the same points arise again in litigation.
These two concepts are the basis for US law.
The main differences between the British legal system, called the adversarial or accusatorial system, and the system of some European countries (eg. France), called the inquisitorial system, are that in the adversarial system the judge acts as an impartial umpire; prosecution and defense each put their case; and the jury decides. In the inquisitorial system the inquiry into the facts is conducted by the judge, who also examines the evidence and interrogates witnesses.
A disadvantage of the accusatorial system is that juries have to decide on the evidence put in court, which may be limited by rules of evidence. The same evidence would not be hidden under the inquisitorial system, where all evidence must be put forward. But the inquisitorial system does not allow for cross-examination of witnesses, and gives the examining magistrate potentially oppressive powers. Pleas of guilty are also not allowed.
A generalization based on recurring facts or events (in science or mathematics etc).
A rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society; SYN. natural law.
One of a set of rules governing a particular activity or a legal document setting forth such a rule.
The collection of rules imposed by authority; SYN. jurisprudence.
The learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; SYN. practice of law.

prerogative [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French prérogative, from Latin praerogativa precedence in voting, preference, privilege, from praerogativus that is asked before others for his opinion, that votes before or first, from praerogare to ask before another; prae before + rogare to ask. Related to Rogation.
A right reserved exclusively by a particular person or group (especially a hereditary or official right); SYN. privilege, perquisite, exclusive right.
Right or power peculiar to a person or office.

privilege [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French privilčge, Latin privilegium an ordinance or law against or in favor of an individual; privus private + lex, legis, law. Related to Private, and Legal.
A special advantage or immunity or benefit not enjoyed by all.
(Law) The right to refuse to divulge information obtained in a confidential relationship.

right [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM as. right. Related to Right.
The hand that is on the right side of the body; SYN. right hand.
A turn to the right.
Anything in accord with principles of justice; SYN. rightfulness.
Location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east.
An abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature.
The conservative faction of a political party; SYN. right wing.
(Frequently plural) The interest possessed by law or custom in some intangible thing.



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