ETYM Latin chaos chaos, Greek chaos, from chainein (root cha) to yawn, to gape, to open widely. Related to Chasm.
1. A state of extreme confusion and disorder; SYN. pandemonium, bedlam, topsy-turvydom, topsy-turvyness.
2. The formless and disordered state of matter before the creation of the cosmos.
ETYM Of Celtic origin; cf. Gael. goil fume, rage.
1. A round shape formed by a series of concentric circles; SYN. whorl, roll, curl, curlicue, ringlet, gyre, scroll.
2. Something wound in a continuous series of loops; SYN. spiral, volute, whorl, helix.
3. Tubing that is wound in a spiral.
4. A transformer that supplies high voltage to spark plugs in a gasoline engine.
5. A spiral of insulated wire that introduces inductance into a circuit.
6. A contraceptive device placed inside a woman's womb.
ETYM French confusion, Latin confusio.
1. A mental state characterized by a lack of clear and orderly thought and behavior; SYN. mental confusion, disarray.
2. Disorder resulting from a failure to behave predictably.
3. A mistake that results from taking one thing to be another; SYN. mix-up, confounding.
4. A feeling of embarrassment that leaves one confused; SYN. discombobulation.
ETYM Old Eng. crop, croppe, craw, top of a plant, harvest, AS. crop, cropp, craw, top, bunch, ear of corn.
(agriculture) Any plant product grown or harvested for human use. Over 80 crops are grown worldwide, providing people with the majority of their food and supplying fibers, rubber, pharmaceuticals, dyes, and other materials. Crops grown for export are cash crops. A catch crop is one grown in the interval between two main crops.
There are four main groups of crops. Food crops provide the bulk of people’s food worldwide. The main types are cereals, roots, pulses (peas, beans), vegetables, fruits, oil crops, tree nuts, sugar, and spices. Cereals make the largest contribution to human nutrition. Forage crops are those such as grass and clover which are grown to feed livestock. Forage crops cover a greater area of the world than food crops. Grasses, which dominate this group, form the world’s most abundant crop, consisting mostly of wild species grown in an unimproved state. Fiber crops produce vegetable fibers. Temperate areas produce flax and hemp, but the most valuable fiber crops are cotton, jute, and sisal, which are grown mostly in the tropics. Cotton dominates fiber-crop production. Miscellaneous crops include tobacco, rubber, ornamental flowers, and plants that produce perfumes, pharmaceuticals, and dyes.
1. The stock or handle of a whip.
2. The yield from plants in a single growing season; SYN. harvest.
ETYM Scot. huggrie-muggrie; Prov. Eng. hugger to lie in ambush, mug mist, muggard sullen.
A state of confusion; ritual accompanied by complicated and purposeless activity that obscures and confuses; SYN. mumbo jumbo.
ETYM Old Eng. mase; cf. Old Eng. masen to confuse, puzzle, Norweg. masast to fall into a slumber, masa to be continually busy, prate, chatter, Icel. masa to chatter, dial. Swed. masa to bask, be slow, work slowly and lazily, mas slow, lazy.
Complex system of paths or tunnels; SYN. labyrinth.
ETYM as. masc, max, maescre; akin to Dutch maas, masche, Old High Germ. masca, Icel. möskvi; cf. Lith. mazgas a knot, megsti to weave nets, to knot.
1. The act of interlocking or meshing; SYN. meshing, interlock, interlocking.
2. The number of opening per inch of a screen; measures size of particles; or.
ETYM Old Eng. mes, Old Fren. mets, Late Lat. missum, p. p. of mittere to put, place (e.g., on the table), Latin mittere to send. Related to Mission, Mass religious service.
(Irregular plural: messes).
1. A state of confusion and disorderliness; SYN. messiness, muss, mussiness.
2. A (large) military dining room where service personnel eat or relax; SYN. mess hall.
3. A meal eaten by service personnel.
4. Soft semiliquid food.
1. A state or instance of confusion
3. Conflict, fight
4. A mistake, misunderstanding, or confused situation is a mix-up.
1. A state of especially mental confusion
2. A confused mess
A state of disorder; mess
ETYM Latin perplexitas: cf. French perplexité.
1. Trouble or confusion resulting from complexity.
2. Something that perplexes.
ETYM Latin turbulentia: cf. French turbulebce.
1. A state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); SYN. upheaval, Sturm und Drang.
2. Instability in the atmosphere.
3. Unstable flow of a liquid or gas; SYN. turbulency.
Irregular fluid (gas or liquid) flow, in which vortices and unpredictable fluctuations and motions occur. Streamlining reduces the turbulence of flow around an object, such as an aircraft, and reduces drag. Turbulent flow of a fluid occurs when the Reynolds number is high.
ETYM Of uncertain origin; perhaps from Old Fren. tremouille the hopper of a mill, trembler to tremble (cf. Eng. tremble); influenced by Eng. turn and moil.
Harassing labor; trouble; molestation by tumult; disturbance; worrying confusion.