ETYM as. mynd, gemynd.
1. That which is responsible for one's thoughts and feelings; the seat of the faculty of reason; SYN. head, brain, psyche, nous.
2. Knowledge and intellectual ability; SYN. intellect.
3. One's intention; what one intends to do; SYN. idea.
4. Recall or remembrance.
6. An intellectual being; SYN. thinker.
In philosophy, the presumed mental or physical being or faculty that enables a person to think, will, and feel; the seat of the intelligence and of memory; sometimes only the cognitive or intellectual powers, as distinguished from the will and the emotions.
Mind may be seen as synonymous with the merely random chemical reactions within the brain, or as a function of the brain as a whole, or (more traditionally) as existing independently of the physical brain, through which it expresses itself, or even as the only reality, matter being considered the creation of intelligence. The relation of mind to matter may be variously regarded. Traditionally, materialism identifies mental and physical phenomena equally in terms of matter and motion. Dualism holds that mind and matter exist independently side by side. Idealism maintains that mind is the ultimate reality and that matter does not exist apart from it.
In grammar, the form a verb takes to indicate the type of action the sentence expresses. The four moods a verb can take in English are indicative, interrogative, subjunctive, and imperative.
Verb inflections that express how the action or state is conceived by the speaker; SYN. mode, modality.
ETYM Old Fren. espirit, esperit, French esprit, Latin spiritus, from spirare to breathe, to blow. Related to Conspire, Expire, Esprit, Sprite.
1. A fundamental emotional and activating principle determining one's character.
2. Any incorporeal supernatural being that can become visible (or audible) to human beings.
3. The general atmosphere of a place or situation; SYN. tone, feel, feeling, flavor, look, smell.
4. The vital principle or animating force within living things.
5. Strong alcoholic beverage, other type of alcohol, or white spirit.
(Irregular plural: stomaches).
An appetite for food.
1. A characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; SYN. mood, humor, humour.
2. A disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; SYN. biliousness, irritability, peevishness, pettishness, snappishness, surliness.
3. The elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking; SYN. toughness.
ETYM French, from Latin volo I will, velle to will, be willing. Related to Voluntary.
1. The act of making a choice; SYN. willing.
2. The capability of conscious choice and decision and intention; SYN. will.
3. Act of willing; will.
4. In philosophical psychology and the philosophy of mind, the act of willing. Philosophers who hold that mind and body are different substances (dualists) tend to hold that volitions cause actions, while those who hold that mind and body are fundamentally one substance (monists) tend to hold that volitions are inseparable from actions.
ETYM Old Eng. wey, way, as. weg.
(Homonym: weigh, whey).
1. A course of conduct; SYN. path, way of life.
2. A general category of things; used in the expression.
3. A journey or passage.
4. A portion of something divided into shares.
5. Any road or path affording passage from one place to another.
6. Doing as one pleases or chooses.
7. The condition of things generally; or.
8. The property of distance in general; (colloquial); SYN. ways.
ETYM Old Eng. wille, as. willa; akin to OFries. willa, os. willeo, willio, Dutch wil, German wille, Icel. vili, Dan. villie, Swed. vilja, Goth wilja. Related to Will.
1. A fixed and persistent intent or purpose.
2. A legal document declaring a person's wishes regarding the disposal of their property when they die; SYN. testament.
In law, declaration of how a person wishes his or her property to be disposed of after death. It also appoints administrators of the estate (executors) and may contain wishes on other matters, such as place of burial or use of organs for transplants. Wills must comply with formal legal requirements of the local jurisdiction. Some us states permit people, usually the terminally ill, to specify at what stage they should be allowed to die, in living wills.