Gudački instrument sa 4 žice, po veličini i tonskom registru između violine i violončela, tzv. druga violina; ima ih više vrsta (viola alta, viola d'amore, vila di bračo, viola di gamba itd.)
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A large stringed instrument; seated player holds it upright while playing; SYN. violoncello.
Common abbreviation for violoncello, tenor member of the violin family and fourth member of the string quartet. Its solo potential was recognized by J S Bach, and a concerto repertoire extends from Haydn (who also gave the cello a leading role in his string quartets), and Boccherini to Dvorák, Elgar, Britten, Ligeti, and Lukas Foss. The Bachianas Brasilieras 1 by Villa-Lobos is scored for eight cellos, and Boulez’s Messagesquisse 1977 for seven cellos.
ETYM French viole; cf. Pr. viola, viula, Spanish, Portu., and Italian viola, Late Lat. vitula; of uncertain origin; perhaps from Latin vitulari to celebrate a festival, keep holiday, be joyful, perhaps originally, to sacrifice a calf (vitulus; cf. Veal). Related to Fiddle, Vielle, Viola, Violin.
(Homonym: vial, vile).
Any of a family of instruments that preceded the violin family.
Member of a Renaissance family of bowed six-stringed musical instruments with flat backs and narrow shoulders that flourished particularly in England about 1540–1700, before their role was taken by the violins. Normally performing as an ensemble or consort, their repertoire is a development of madrigal style with idiomatic decoration.
The three principal instruments, treble, tenor, and bass, are played upright, resting on the leg (da gamba), and produce a transparent, harmonious sound. The smaller instruments are rested on the knee, not held under the chin. Tuning is largely in fourths, like a guitar. The bass viol or violone, used in Baroque orchestras as bass-line support to the harpsichord or organ, became the model for the present-day double bass.
Slightly larger than a violin, tuned a fifth lower.
LJubičica, ljubica i drugo cveće sa mirisom sličnim mirisu ljubičice.
Any of the numerous plants of the genus Viola.
Bowed, stringed musical instrument, the alto member of the violin family. With its dark, vibrant tone, it is suitable for music of reflective character, as in Stravinsky’s Elegy 1944. Its principal function is supportive in string quartets and orchestras.
Sinonimi: reddish blue
ETYM French violette a violet, dim. of Old Fren. viole a violet, Latin viola.
Plant of the genus Viola, family Violaceae, with toothed leaves and mauve, blue, or white flowers, such as the Canada violet V. canadensis and primrose violet V. primulifolia of North America and the sweet violet V. odorata of Europe. The pansy is also a kind of violet.
1. A variable color that lies beyond blue in the spectrum; SYN. reddish blue.
2. Any of numerous low-growing small-flowered violas.