1. Device used to slow or stop a vehicle.
2. A toothed instrument or machine for separating out the fiber of flax or hemp by breaking up the woody parts.
3. A machine for bending, flanging, folding, and forming sheet metal.
Device used to slow down or stop the movement of a moving body or vehicle. The mechanically applied caliper brake used on bicycles uses a scissor action to press hard rubber blocks against the wheel rim. The main braking system of an automobile works hydraulically: when the driver depresses the brake pedal, liquid pressure forces pistons to apply brakes on each wheel.
Two types of automobile brakes are used. Disc brakes are used on the front wheels of some automobiles and on all wheels of sports and performance automobiles, since they are the more efficient and less prone to fading (losing their braking power) when they get hot. Braking pressure forces brake pads against both sides of a steel disc that rotates with the wheel. Drum brakes are fitted on the rear wheels of some automobiles and on all wheels of some passenger automobiles. Braking pressure forces brake shoes to expand outward into contact with a drum rotating with the wheels. The brake pads and shoes have a tough friction lining that grips well and withstands wear.
Many trucks and trains have air brakes, which work by compressed air. On landing, jet planes reverse the thrust of their engines to reduce their speed quickly. Space vehicles use retrorockets for braking in space and use the air resistance, or drag of the atmosphere, to slow down when they return to Earth.
ETYM Old Eng. bride, brid, brude, brud, burd, AS. bryd; akin to OFries. breid, OSax. brűd, Dutch bruid, Old High Germ. prűt, brűt, German braut, Icel. brűthr, Swed. and Dan. brud, Goth. brűths; cf. Armor. pried spouse, W. priawd a married person.
1. A woman participant in her own marriage ceremony.
2. A woman who has recently been married.
ETYM Old Eng. bridel, AS. bridel; akin to Old High Germ. britil, brittil, Dutch breidel, and possibly to Eng. braid. Related to Bridoon.
1. Headgear for a horse; includes a headstall and bit and reins to give the rider or driver control.
2. The act of restraining power or action or limiting excess; SYN. check, curb.
1. A short rein looped over a hook on the saddle of a harness to prevent a horse from lowering its head
2. A branch rein connecting the driving rein of one horse of a pair with the bit of the other. check-rein
1. A horse's bit with an attached chain or strap to check the horse; SYN. curb bit.
2. A raised edge along the side of a roadway consisting of a line of curbstones (usually forming part of a gutter); SYN. kerb.
ETYM French ręne, from (assumed) Late Lat. retina, from Latin retinere to hold back. Related to Retain.
(Homonym: rain, reign).
1. Any means of control.
2. One of a pair of long straps (usually connected to the bit or the headpiece) used to control a horse.
Sinonimi: snaffle bit
ETYM Dutch snavel a beak, bill, snout; akin to German schnabel, Old High Germ. snabul. sneb, snebbe, OFries. snavel mouth, Dan. and Swed. snabel beak, bill, Lith. snapas, and to Eng. snap, v. Related to Snap, Neb.
A simple jointed bit for a horse; without a curb; SYN. snaffle bit.
Jointed bit for horses.
Light bridle bit.