ETYM Latin contumacia, from contumax, -acis, insolent; prob. akin to contemnere to despise: cf. French contumace. Related to Contemn.
1. Obstinate rebelliousness and insubordination; resistance to authority.
2. Willful refusal to appear before a court or comply with a court order.
The duality or state of being obdurate; invincible hardness of heart; obstinacy.
1. A fixedness in will, opinion, or resolution that can not be shaken at all, or only with great difficulty; firm and usually unreasonable adherence to an opinion, purpose, or system; unyielding disposition.
2. The quality or state of being difficult to remedy, relieve, or subdue
ETYM Latin perversitas: cf. French perversité.
Deliberately deviating from what is good.
1. Resolute adherence to one's own ideas or desires; SYN. bullheadedness, obstinacy, obstinance, pigheadedness, self-will.
2. The trait of being difficult to handle or overcome; SYN. obstinacy, obstinance, mulishness.