ETYM French charge, from charger to load. Related to Charge, Cargo, Caricature.
1. (Criminal law) A pleading describing some wrong or offense; SYN. complaint.
2. A quantity of explosive to be set off at one time; SYN. burster, bursting charge, explosive charge.
3. A impetuous rush toward someone or something.
4. A financial liability (such as a tax).
5. Request for payment of a debt; SYN. billing.
6. The price charged for some article or service.
7. The quantity of unbalanced electricity in a body; SYN. electric charge.
8. A person committed to one's care.
9. A design or image depicted on a shield; SYN. bearing, heraldic bearing, armorial bearing.
A property of subatomic particles, which can have either a negative charge or a positive charge. In electronics, a charge consists of either an excess of electrons (a negative charge) or a deficiency of electrons (a positive charge). The unit of charge is the coulomb, which corresponds to 6.26 x 1018 electrons.
For a business, the amount of money it has to spend in order to produce goods and services for sale.
In business studies, direct costs are costs that vary directly with output, such as raw material inputs. Indirect costs are costs that change as output changes but not in direct proportion. Overhead costs are the costs of running the business which do not change as output changes. In economics, these three cost concepts are called variable, semivariable, and fixed costs. Total cost is the sum of all costs incurred in producing a given level of output. Average cost can be found by dividing total cost by total output. Marginal cost is the cost of producing an extra unit of output. The opportunity cost of production is what has to be given up because a particular choice has been made. It is the benefit foregone of the next best alternative. The private cost of production is the cost to the individual or business that created the cost. Social costs are all the costs incurred by society through production. Private cost may be less than social cost because, for example, a producer may not have to pay for polluting the environment.
The total spent for goods or services including money and time and labor.
ETYM Cf. French déboursement.
1. The act of disbursing or paying out.
2. That which is disbursed or paid out.
ETYM Latin expensa (sc. pecunia), or expensum, from expensus, p. p. of expendere. Related to Expend.
1. A detriment or sacrifice.
2. Amounts paid for goods and services that may be currently tax deductible (as opposed to capital expenditures); SYN. disbursal, disbursement.
3. Money spent to perform work and usually reimbursed by an employer.
ETYM Old Fren. fouail, fuail, or fouaille, fuaille, Late Lat. focalium, focale, from Latin focus hearth, fireplace, in Late Lat., fire. Related to Focus.
A substance that can be burned to provide heat or power; SYN. combustible, combustible material.
Any source of heat or energy, embracing the entire range of materials that burn in air (combustibles). A nuclear fuel is any material that produces energy by nuclear fission in a nuclear reactor.
Monetary expenditure; act of spending (money or resources)