ETYM Cf. Old Fren. alotement, French allotement.
1. A share set aside for a specific purpose; SYN. allocation.
2. The act of distributing by allotting or apportioning; SYN. apportionment, apportioning, allocation, parceling, parcelling.
ETYM AS. cuppe, Late Lat. cuppa cup; cf. Latin cupa tub, cask; cf. also Greek kyph hut, Skr. kűpa pit, hollow, Old Slav. kupa cup. Related to Coop, Cupola, Cowl a water vessel, and Cob, Coif, Cop.
1. A small open container usually used for drinking.
2. Any cup-shaped concavity.
3. The quantity a cup will hold; SYN. cupful.
4. A large metal vessel with two handles that is awarded to the winner of a competition; SYN. loving cup.
5. A liquid unit (used in the US) equal to 8 fluid ounces.
6. Punch served in a pitcher instead of a punch bowl.
7. The hole (or metal container in the hole) on a golf green.
8. Cup-shaped plant organ.
ETYM Latin destinatio determination: cf. French destination destination.
1. Place where something (e.g., a journey or race) ends; SYN. goal.
2. The ultimate goal for which something is done; SYN. terminus.
ETYM Old Eng. destinee, destene, French destinée, from destiner. Related to Destine.
An event (or course of events) that will inevitably happen in the future; SYN. fate.
ETYM As. dôm; akin to OS. dôm, Old High Germ. tuom, Dan. and Swed. dom, Icel. dômr, Goth. dôms, Greek themis law; from the root of Eng. do, v. t. Related to Do, Deem, -dom.
An unpleasant or disastrous destiny; SYN. doomsday, day of reckoning.
Sinonimi: human death
ETYM Latin fatalitas: cf. French fatalité.
1. A death resulting from an accident or a disaster; SYN. human death.
2. The quality of being able to cause death or fatal disasters.
ETYM Latin fatum a prophetic declaration, oracle, what is ordained by the gods, destiny, fate, from fari to speak: cf. Old Fren. fat. Related to Fame, Fable, Ban, Fay, Fairy.
1. A fixed decree by which the order of things is prescribed; the immutable law of the universe; inevitable necessity; the force by which all existence is determined and conditioned.
2. Appointed lot; allotted life; arranged or predetermined event; destiny; especially, the final lot; doom; ruin; death.
3. The element of chance in the affairs of life; the unforeseen and unestimated conitions considered as a force shaping events; fortune; esp., opposing circumstances against which it is useless to struggle.
4. The three goddesses, Clotho, Lachesis, and Atropos (the Destinies, or Parcae) were believed to determine the course of human life. They are represented, one as holding the distaff, a second as spinning, and the third as cutting the thread.
A principle of what is ordained for human beings, which may also constrain gods in some mythologies. Fate is also described as the “destiny” of individuals or nations.
In classical mythology, the three Fates (and in Scandinavian mythology, the three Norns) wove and cut a thread of life for all mortals, and so fate is often associated with the timing and circumstances of an individual’s death. In Christian thought, divine providence may play a similar role, balanced by the idea of free will. In Islam kismet entails submission to Allah, whereas in Hindu belief karma, as the sum of an individual’s actions, determines an improved or worsened fate in the next life.
The related idea of fatalism entails submission to fate, as this is perceived either to affect individuals or wider social groups.
ETYM Per. qismat. Fate; destiny.
(Islamic) The will of Allah; SYN. kismat.
ETYM as. hlot; akin to hleótan to cast lots, os. hlôt lot, Dutch lot, German loos, Old High Germ. lôz, Icel. hlutr, Swed. lott, Dan. lod, Goth. hlauts. Related to Allot, Lotto, Lottery.
A parcel of land having fixed boundaries.
ETYM French, from Latin portio, akin to pars, partis, a part. Related to Part.
1. One's part of something; one's share.
2. A serving of food.
3. An often limited part set off or abstracted from a whole.
ETYM Latin providentia: cf. French providence. Related to Provident, Prudence.
1. A manifestation of God's foresightful care for His creatures.
2. The guardianship and control exercised by a deity.
3. The prudence and care exercised by someone in the management of resources.
ETYM Old Eng. sterre, as. steorra.
Luminous globe of gas, mainly hydrogen and helium, which produces its own heat and light by nuclear reactions. Although stars shine for a very long time—many billions of years —they are not eternal, and have been found to change in appearance at different stages in their lives.
Stars are born when nebulae (giant clouds of dust and gas) contract under the influence of gravity. As each new star contracts, the temperature and pressure in its core rises. At about 10 millionşC the temperature is hot enough for a nuclear reaction to begin (the fusion of hydrogen nuclei to form helium nuclei); vast amounts of energy are released, contraction stops, and the star begins to shine. Stars at this stage are called main-sequence stars; the Sun is such a star and is expected to remain at this stage for the next 5 billion years. Their surface temperatures range from 2,000şC/3,600şF to above 30,000şC/54,000şF and the corresponding colors range from red to blue-white.
The smallest mass possible for a star is about 8% that of the Sun (80 times the mass of the planet Jupiter), otherwise nuclear reactions do not occur. Objects with less than this critical mass shine only dimly, and are termed brown dwarfs.
When all the hydrogen at the core of a main-sequence star has been converted into helium, the star swells to become a red giant, about 100 times its previous size and with a cooler, redder surface. When, after this brief stage, the star can produce no more nuclear energy, its outer layers drift off into space to form a planetary nebula, and its core collapses in on itself to form a small and very dense body called a white dwarf.
Eventually the white dwarf fades away, leaving a non-luminous dark body.
Some very large main-sequence stars do not end their lives as white dwarfs—they pass through their life cycle quickly, becoming red supergiants that eventually explode into brilliant supernovae. Part of the core remaining after such an explosion may collapse to form a small superdense star, which consists almost entirely of neutrons and is therefore called a neutron star. Neutron stars, called pulsars, spin very quickly, giving off pulses of radio waves (rather as a lighthouse gives off flashes of light). If the collapsing core of the supernova is very massive it does not form a neutron star; instead it forms a black hole, a region so dense that its gravity not only draws in all nearby matter but also all radiation, including its own light.
See also binary star, Hertzsprung–Russell diagram, and variable star.
1. (Astronomy) A celestial body of hot gases that radiates energy derived from thermonuclear reactions in the interior.
2. A plane figure with 5 or more points; often used as an emblem.
3. Any celestial body visible (as a point of light) from the Earth at night.