Fotografija, delo likovnog umetnika.
ETYM A doublet of card: cf. French charte charter, carte card. Related to Card, Charter.
1. A map designed to assist navigation by air or sea.
2. A visual display of information.
A graphic or diagram that displays data or the relationships between sets of data in pictorial rather than numeric form.
ETYM Latin effigies, from effingere to form, fashion; ex + fingere to form, shape, devise. Related to Feign.
A likeness of a person (especially in the form of sculpture); SYN. image, simulacrum.
ETYM Latin, from Greek eikon.
Sacred or monumental image, statue, painting, etc.; picture on computer monitor to represent command.
In the Greek or Eastern Orthodox Church, a representation of Jesus, Mary, an angel, or a saint, in painting, low relief, or mosaic. The painted icons were traditionally done on wood. After the 17th century and mainly in Russia, a riza, or gold and silver covering that leaves only the face and hands visible (and may be adorned with jewels presented by the faithful in thanksgiving), was often added as protection.
Icons were regarded as holy objects, based on the doctrine that God became visible through Christ. Icon painting originated in the Byzantine Empire, but many examples were destroyed by the iconoclasts in the 8th and 9th centuries. The Byzantine style of painting predominated in the Mediterranean region and in Russia until the 12th century, when Russian, Greek, and other schools developed. Notable among them was the Russian Novgorod school, inspired by the work of the Byzantine refugee Theophanes the Greek. Andrei Rublev is the outstanding Russian icon painter.
A conventional religious picture painted in oil on a small wooden panel; venerated in the Eastern Church; SYN. ikon.
Sinonimi: mental image
ETYM French, from Latin imago, imaginis, from the root of imitari to imitate. Related to Imitate, Imagine.
An iconic mental representation; SYN. mental image.
ETYM French impression Latin impressio.
1. An outward appearance; SYN. effect.
2. An impressionistic portrayal of a person.
3. A vague idea in which some confidence is placed; SYN. feeling belief notion.
4. All the copies of a work printed at one time; SYN. printing.
5. (Dentistry) An imprint of the teeth and gums in wax or plaster.
The application of colored pigment to a surface. The chief methods of painting are: tempera emulsion painting, with a gelatinous (for example, egg yolk) rather than oil base —known in ancient Egypt; fresco watercolor painting on plaster walls—the palace of Knossos, Crete, contains examples from about 2,000 bc; ink developed in China for calligraphy in the Sung period and highly popular in Japan from the 15th century; oil ground pigments in linseed, walnut, or other oil, it spread from N to S Europe in the 15th century; watercolor pigments combined with gum arabic and glycerol, which are diluted with water— the method was developed in the 15th–17th centuries for wash drawings; acrylic synthetic pigments developed after World War ii, the colors are very hard and brilliant.
For the history of painting see medieval art; Chinese art, and so on. Individual painters and art movements are listed alphabetically.
High-resolution video cameras and computers are now being used to help art experts identify damage to paintings in some of the world’s major galleries, including the Louvre in Paris and the National Gallery in the uk. The system identifies damage by comparing “before” and “after” images in order to highlight changes in the craquelure.
For the major styles of Western painting, see Renaissance art, Mannerism, Baroque, Rococo, Neo-Classicism, Romanticism, Realism, Impressionism, and abstract art.
A picture of a person or scene in the form of a print or transparent slide; recorded by a camera on light-sensitive material; SYN. photo, exposure.
2. Motion picture
3. The picador's lance
ETYM Latin pictura, from pingere, pictum, to paint: cf. French peinture. Related to Paint.
1. A visual representation of an object or scene or person produced on a surface; SYN. image, icon, ikon.
2. Illustrations used to decorate or explain a text; SYN. pictorial matter.
3. A situation treated as an observable object; or; SYN. scene.
4. A typical example of some state or quality.
1. A document that must be accepted and paid by another person.
2. An accusation of crime made by a grand jury on its own initiative; SYN. notification.
ETYM Old Eng. shap, schap, as. sceap in gesceap creation, creature, from the root of scieppan, scyppan, sceppan, to shape, to do, to effect.
1. Any spatial attribute (especially as defined by outline); SYN. form, configuration, contour.
2. The spatial arrangement of something as distinct from its substance; SYN. form.
3. A concrete representation of an otherwise nebulous concept; SYN. embodiment.
ETYM French, from Latin spectaculum, from spectare to look at, to behold, v. intens. from specere. Related to Spy.
1. A blunder that makes one look ridiculous; used in the phrase yourself.
2. An elaborate and remarkable display on a lavish scale.
3. Something or someone seen (especially a notable or unusual sight).
ETYM French vignette, from vigne a vine. Related to Vine, Vinette.
1. A photograph whose edges shade off gradually.
2. A small sketch (as sometimes placed at the beginning of chapters in books).
Small, ornamental illustration without frame or with background shaded off; slight portrait or character sketch.