ETYM Greek, independence; autos self + arkein to be sufficient.
Government by an absolute ruler.
Absolute sovereignty; autocracy.
National economic policy that aims at achieving self-sufficiency and eliminating the need for imports (by imposing tariffs, for example). Such a goal may be difficult, if not impossible, for a small country. Countries that take protectionist measures and try to prevent free trade are sometimes described as autarchical.
Economic independence as a national policy; SYN. autarchy.
National economic self-sufficiency.