ETYM Old Fren. afinité, French affinité, Latin affinites, from affinis. Related to Affined.
Close relationship; attraction; resemblance; Law, relationship by marriage; Chemistry, force causing elements to combine.
1. A natural attraction or feeling of kinship:.
2. Inherent resemblance between persons or things.
3. A close connection marked by community of interests or similarity in nature or character; SYN. kinship.
4. The force attracting atoms to each other and binding them together in a molecule; SYN. chemical attraction.
5. (Immunology) The attraction between an antigen and an antibody.
6. (Biology) State of relationship between organisms or groups of organisms resulting in resemblance in structure or structural parts: SYN. phylogenetic relation.
ETYM Gael. clann offspring, descendants; akin to Irish clann, cland, offspring, tribe, family; perh. from Latin plania scion, slip, cutting. Related to Plant.
1. A tribe or collection of families, united under a chieftain, regarded as having the same common ancestor, and bearing the same surname.
2. A clique; a sect, society, or body of persons; esp., a body of persons united by some common interest or pursuit; -- sometimes used contemptuously.
Social grouping based on kinship. Some traditional societies are organized by clans, which are either matrilineal or patrilineal, and whose members must marry into another clan in order to avoid in-breeding.
Familiar examples are the Highland clans of Scotland. Theoretically each clan is descended from a single ancestor from whom the name is derived—for example, clan MacGregor (“son of Gregor”).
1. A group of related individuals
2. One's relatives
3. Family relationship; kinship
ETYM Old Eng. peple, people, Old Fren. pueple, French peuple, from Latin populus. Related to Populage, Public, Pueblo.
1. Members of a family line.
2. (Plural) Any group of human beings (men or women or children) collectively.