ETYM Cf. French appréciation.
1. An expression of gratitude.
2. An increase in price or value over time.
3. Understanding of the nature or meaning or quality or magnitude of something; SYN. grasp, hold.
ETYM Latin discriminatio the contrasting of opposite thoughts.
1. The cognitive process whereby differences between two or more stimuli are perceived.
2. Unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice; SYN. favoritism, favouritism.
Distinction made (social, economic, political, legal) between individuals or groups such that one has the power to treat the other unfavorably. Negative discrimination, often based on stereotype, includes anti-Semitism, apartheid, caste, racism, sexism, and slavery. Positive discrimination, or “affirmative action”, is sometimes practiced in an attempt to counteract the effects of previous long-term discrimination. Minorities and, in some cases, majorities have been targets for discrimination.
Discrimination may be on grounds of difference of color, nationality, religion, politics, culture, class, sex, age, or a combination of such factors. Legislation has been to some degree effective in forbidding racial discrimination, against which there is a United Nations convention 1969.
National legislation in the US includes the Civil Rights Acts of 1964 and 1968, the Voting Rights Act 1965, and a movement to add an amendment to the Constitution mandating equal rights for women.
Quality of being false or misleading, purposeful deception, hypocrisy, pretense
ETYM Latin distinctio: cf. French distinction.
1. A distinguishing difference.
2. A distinguishing quality.