ETYM Old Eng. balaunce, French balance, from Latin bilanx, bilancis, having two scales; bis twice (akin to Eng. two) + lanx plate, scale.
1. A scale for weighing; depends on pull of gravity.
2. A state of equilibrium.
3. Equality of distribution; SYN. equilibrium, equipoise, counterbalance.
Apparatus for weighing or measuring mass. The various types include the beam balance consisting of a centrally pivoted lever with pans hanging from each end, and the spring balance, in which the object to be weighed stretches (or compresses) a vertical coil spring fitted with a pointer that indicates the weight on a scale. Kitchen and bathroom scales are balances.
ETYM Latin compensatio a weighing, a balancing of accounts.
In law, money paid to a person who has suffered injury, loss, or damage. If a crime has been committed, compensation can be claimed from various official bodies and through the courts, depending on the circumstances.
1. A defense mechanism that conceals one's undesirable shortcomings by exaggerating desirable behaviors.
2. Something given to recompense for loss or injury.
An addition of specific materials or devices to counteract a known error.
1. Act of keeping a balance, or state of being balanced; equipoise.
2. The process by which animal and vegetable organisms preserve a physiological balance.
ETYM Latin aequilibrium, from aequilibris in equilibrium, level; aequus equal + libra balance. Related to Equal, and Librate.
Translational) Condition in which the net force on an object is zero. (Rotational) Condition in which the net torque on an object is zero.1. A sensory system located in structures of the inner ear that registers the orientation of the head; SYN. labyrinthine sense, vestibular sense, sense of balance, sense of equilibrium.
2. A stable situation in which forces cancel one another.
In physics, an unchanging condition in which the forces acting on a particle or system of particles (a body) cancel out, or in which energy is distributed among the particles of a system in the most probable way. In accordance with Newton's first law of motion, a body in equilibrium remains at rest or moves with constant velocity; it does not accelerate.
A body is in thermal equilibrium with its surroundings if no heat enters or leaves it, so that all its parts are at the same temperature as the surroundings.
Equilibrium; counterbalancing thing.
State of equilibrium; counterpoise.
ETYM Old Eng. pois, peis, Old Fren. pois, peis, French poids, from Latin pensum a portion weighed out, pendere to weigh, weigh out. Related to Avoirdupois, Pendant, Poise.
1. A cgs unit of dynamic viscosity equal to one dyne-second per square centimeter; the viscosity of a fluid in which a force of one dyne per square centimeter maintains a velocity of 1 centimeter per second.
2. A state of being balanced in a stable equilibrium.
Unit of viscosity of liquids.
C.g.s. unit (symbol p) of dynamic viscosity (the property of liquids that determines how readily they flow). It is equal to one dyne-second per square centimeter. For most liquids the centipoise (one hundredth of a poise) is used. Water at 20şC/68şF has a viscosity of 1.002 centipoise.
old measure for dry goods usually equal to 40 bushels