pustinja prevod, Srpsko - Engleski rečnik i prevodilac teksta

Prevod reči: pustinja

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pustinja [ ženski rod ]

Pust, nenaseljen predeo, pustara, područje bez vegetacije.

desert [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

An arid region with little or no vegetation.
Arid area without sufficient rainfall and, consequently, vegetation to support human life. The term includes the ice areas of the polar regions (known as cold deserts). Almost 3of the Earth's land surface is desert, and this proportion is increasing.
The tropical desert belts of latitudes from 5ş to 30ş are caused by the descent of air that is heated over the warm land and therefore has lost its moisture. Other natural desert types are the continental deserts, such as the Gobi, that are too far from the sea to receive any moisture; rain-shadow deserts, such as California’s Death Valley, that lie in the lee of mountain ranges, where the ascending air drops its rain only on the windward slopes; and coastal deserts, such as the Namib, where cold ocean currents cause local dry air masses to descend. Desert surfaces are usually rocky or gravelly, with only a small proportion being covered with sand. Deserts can be created by changes in climate, or by the human-aided process of desertification.
Characteristics common to all deserts include irregular rainfall of less than 2mm per year, very high evaporation rates often times the annual precipitation, and low relative humidity and cloud cover. Temperatures are more variable; tropical deserts have a big diurnal temperature range and very high daytime temperatures (58şC/136şF has been recorded at Azizia in Libya), whilst midlatitude deserts have a wide annual range and much lower winter temperatures (in the Mongolian desert the mean temperature is below freezing point for half the year).
Desert soils are infertile, lacking in humus and generally gray or red in color. The few plants capable of surviving such conditions are widely spaced, scrubby and often thorny. Long-rooted plants (phreatophytes) such as the date palm and musquite commonly grow along dry stream channels. Salt-loving plants (halophytes) such as saltbushes grow in areas of highly saline soils and near the edges of playas (dry saline lakes). Others, such as the xerophytes are drought-resistant and survive by remaining leafless during the dry season or by reducing water losses with small waxy leaves. They frequently have shallow and widely branching root systems and store water during the wet season (for example, succulents and cacti with pulpy stems).

wild [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

A sparsely inhabited or uncultivated region or tract; wilderness
A wild, free, or natural state or existence

drought [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. droght, drougth, druyeth;, AS. drugaeth;, from drugian to dry. Related to Dry, Drouth, which shows the original final sound.
A prolonged shortage.
A temporary shortage of rainfall.

drouth [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor


sand [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM as. sand; akin to Dutch zand, German sand, Old High Germ. sant, Icel. sandr, Dan. and Swed. sand, Greek.
A loose material consisting of grains of rock or coral.
Loose grains of rock, sized 0.0625–2.mm/0.0025–0.in in diameter, consisting chiefly of quartz, but owing their varying color to mixtures of other minerals. Sand is used in cement-making, as an abrasive, in glass-making, and for other purposes.
Sands are classified into marine, freshwater, glacial, and terrestrial. Some “light” soils contain up to 5sand. Sands may eventually consolidate into sandstone.

solitude [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French, from Latin solitudo, solus alone. Related to Sole.
A solitary place.
A state of social isolation; SYN. purdah.

waste [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. waste; cf. the kindred as. westen, Old High Germ. westî, wuostî, German wüste. Related to Waste.
(Homonym: waist).
Any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted; SYN. waste material, waste matter, waste product.
Useless or profitless activity; using or expending or consuming thoughtlessly or carelessly; SYN. wastefulness, dissipation.
(Law) Reduction in the value of an estate caused by act or neglect; SYN. permissive waste.
Materials that are no longer needed and are discarded. Examples are household waste, industrial waste (which often contains toxic chemicals), medical waste (which may contain organisms that cause disease), and nuclear waste (which is radioactive). By recycling, some materials in waste can be reclaimed for further use. In 19the industrialized nations generated 2 billion metric tons of waste. In the us, metric tons of solid waste are generated annually per person, roughly twice as much as in Europe or Japan.
There has been a tendency to increase the amount of waste generated per person in industrialized countries, particularly through the growth in packaging and disposable products, creating a “throwaway society”.

wasteness [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

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