tangible object caused to appear by spiritualist medium; production of such object.
Pay including basic pay plus any additional payments such as overtime pay or bonus payments. For example, if a worker is paid Ł150 for his or her basic week, Ł20 for overtime work, a Ł10 bonus for regular attendance, and Ł15 as a productivity bonus, then the total earnings would be Ł195. Gross earnings are earnings before deductions such as income tax and national insurance contributions have been taken away. Net earnings are earnings after deductions.
ETYM Latin emolumentum, lit., a working out, from emoliri to move out, work out; e out + moliri to set in motion, exert one's self, from moles a huge, heavy mass: cf. French émolument. Related to Mole a mound.
Compensation received by virtue of holding an office or having employment (usually in the form of wages or fees).
Payment; profit arising from employment.
ETYM Old Eng. fruit, frut, French fruit, from Latin fructus enjoyment, product, fruit, from frui, p. p. fructus, to enjoy; akin to Eng. brook. Related to Brook, Fructify, Frugal.
1. The consequence of some effort or action.
2. The ripened reproductive body of a seed plant.
In botany, the ripened ovary in flowering plants that develops from one or more seeds or carpels and encloses one or more seeds. Its function is to protect the seeds during their development and to aid in their dispersal. Fruits are often edible, sweet, juicy, and colorful. When eaten they provide vitamins, minerals, and enzymes, but little protein. Most fruits are borne by perennial plants.
Fruits are divided into three agricultural categories on the basis of the climate in which they grow. Temperate fruits require a cold season for satisfactory growth; the principal temperate fruits are apples, pears, plums, peaches, apricots, cherries, and soft fruits, such as strawberries. Subtropical fruits require warm conditions but can survive light frosts; they include oranges and other citrus fruits, dates, pomegranates, and avocados. Tropical fruits cannot tolerate temperatures that drop close to freezing point; they include bananas, mangoes, pineapples, papayas, and litchis. Fruits can also be divided botanically into dry (such as the capsule, follicle, schizocarp, nut, caryopsis, pod or legume, lomentum, and achene) and those that become fleshy (such as the drupe and the berry). The fruit structure consists of the pericarp or fruit wall, which is usually divided into a number of distinct layers. Sometimes parts other than the ovary are incorporated into the fruit structure, resulting in a false fruit.
Or pseudocarp, such as the apple and strawberry. True fruits include the tomato, orange, melon, and banana. Fruits may be dehiscent, which open to shed their seeds, or indehiscent, which remain unopened and are dispersed as a single unit. Simple fruits (for example, peaches) are derived from a single ovary, whereas compositae or multiple fruits (for example, blackberries) are formed from the ovaries of a number of flowers. In ordinary usage, “fruit” includes only sweet, fleshy items; it excludes many botanical fruits such as acorns, bean pods, thistledown, and cucumbers (see vegetable).
Methods of seed dispersal.
Efficient seed dispersal is essential to avoid overcrowding and enable plants to colonize new areas; the natural function of a fruit is to aid in the dissemination of the seeds which it contains. A great variety of dispersal mechanisms exist: winged fruits are commonly formed by trees, such as ash and elm, where they are in an ideal position to be carried away by the wind; some wind-dispersed fruits, such as clematis and cotton, have plumes of hairs; others are extremely light, like the poppy, in which the capsule acts like a pepperpot and shakes out the seeds as it is blown about by the wind. Some fruits float on water; the coconut can be dispersed across oceans by means of its buoyant fruit. Geraniums, gorse, and squirting cucumbers have explosive mechanisms, by which seeds are forcibly shot out at dehiscence. Animals often act as dispersal agents either by carrying hooked or sticky fruits (burs) attached to their bodies, or by eating succulent fruits, the seeds passing through the alimentary canal unharmed.
, and are passed out with the feces.
Recorded world fruit production in the mid-1980s was approximately 300 million metric tons per year. Technical advances in storage and transportation have made tropical fruits available to consumers in temperate areas, and fresh temperate fruits available all year in major markets.
The financial gain (earned or unearned) accruing over a given period of time.
Earnings of an individual or business organization over a period of time. Gross earnings are earnings before tax and other deductions while net earnings are earnings after tax. Earned income is income received from working, while unearned income is income such as interest and dividends from financial and other wealth. Part of the income for a company is the value of its turnover. The income of a whole economy is often measured by gross national product or gross domestic product. The study of the allocation of a country's national income is known as distribution theory.
1. The total amount brought in
2. The net amount received (as for a check or from an insurance settlement) after deduction of any discount or charges
3. That which comes forth or results; effect; yield; issue; product; sum accruing from a sale, etc.
Sinonimi: green goods | green groceries | garden truck
1. Fresh fruits and vegetable grown for the market; SYN. green goods, green groceries, garden truck.
2. Agricultural products and especially fresh fruits and vegetables as distinguished from grain and other staple crops
3. The progeny usually of a female animal
ETYM French, from Latin profectus advance, progress, profit, from profectum. Related to Proficient.
The advantageous quality of being beneficial; SYN. gain.
Amount by which total revenue exceeds total cost. It is the reward for risk-taking for stockholders in a business organization. Gross profit is the difference between sales revenue and the direct cost of production. Net profit is total revenue minus total direct and indirect cost (for example, overheads, the cost of running the business).
Normal profit is the profit needed to keep a firm from switching its resources into the production of other goods and services. Abnormal profit is profit earned over and above normal profit. Pre-tax profit is profit before corporation tax and any other taxes on profit have been paid; post-tax profit is profit after tax. Retained profit is profit not distributed to stockholders but kept back to invest in the business.
ETYM Old Eng. purchds, French pourchas eager pursuit. Related to Purchase.
1. A means of exerting influence or gaining advantage.
2. Something acquired by purchase.
3. The acquisition of something for payment.
ETYM Old Eng. receite, Old Fren. recete, recepte, French recette, from Latin recipere, receptum, to receive. Related to Receive.
2. An acknowledgment (usually tangible) that payment has been made.
3. The act or process of receiving.
4. Something received — usually used in plural.
5. A writing acknowledging the receiving of goods or money.
1. A coming to or returning home; SYN. homecoming.
2. The act of returning to a prior location
3. The occurrence of a change in direction back in the opposite direction; SYN. coming back.
4. The income arising from land or other property; SYN. issue, proceeds, take, takings, yield, payoff.
5. A reciprocal group action; SYN. paying back, getting even.
ETYM French revenu, Old Fren. revenue, from revenir to return, Latin revenire; pref. re- re- + venire to come. Related to Come.
1. That which returns, or comes back, from an investment; the annual, profits, interest, or issues of any kind of property, real or personal; income.
2. The annual yield of taxes, excise, customs, duties, rents, etc., which a nation, state, or municipality collects.
Money received from taxes or the sale of a product. Total revenue can be calculated by multiplying the average price received by the total quantity sold. Average revenue is the average price received and is calculated by dividing total revenue by total quantity sold. Marginal revenue is the revenue gained from the sale of an additional unit of output.
An amount of a product; SYN. fruit.
The energy released by a nuclear explosion.
In finance, the annual percentage return from an investment; on ordinary shares it is the dividend expressed as a percentage.