1. In a forthright manner; candidly or frankly; SYN. flat, straight.
2. Without anyone or anything intervening.
3. Without deviation; SYN. straight, direct.
1. In or toward the direction of the ends; lengthwise; SYN. endwise.
2. On end or upright; SYN. endwise.
3. With the end forward or toward the observer; SYN. endwise, end on.
In a straight line; in a direct course
In a straight line, without bend or curve
1. A fringe of banged hair (cut short squarely across the forehead).
2. A sudden very loud noise; SYN. blowup, clap, eruption, blast, loud noise.
3. The release of a store of affective force; SYN. charge, rush, flush, thrill, kick.
ETYM Old Fren. chartre, French chartre, charte, from Latin chartula a little paper, dim. of charta. Related to Chart, Card.
1. A contract to hire or lease transportation.
2. A document incorporating an institution and specifying its rights; includes the articles of incorporation and the certificate of incorporation.
ETYM Of. claim cry, complaint, from clamer. Related to Claim, v. t.
1. An assertion of a right (as to money or property).
2. An assertion that something is true or factual.
3. An informal right to something; SYN. title.
4. A Demand for something as rightful or due.
(French) “right”; law; justice.
1. A payment that is due (e.g., as the price of membership).
2. That which is deserved or owed.
Right granted by law or contract, esp. to benefits.
Sinonimi: law | legal philosophy
ETYM Latin jurisprudentia; jus, juris, right, law + prudentia a foreseeing, knowledge of a matter, prudence: cf. French jurisprudence. Related to Just, and Prudence.
The branch of philosophy concerned with the law; SYN. law, legal philosophy.
Science of law; knowledge of law.
The science of law in the abstract—that is, not the study of any particular laws or legal system, but of the principles upon which legal systems are founded.
ETYM Old Eng. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of Eng. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. lög, Swed. lag, Dan. lov.
Body of rules and principles under which justice is administered or order enforced in a state or nation. In western Europe there are two main systems: Roman law and English law. US law is a modified form of English law.
Roman law legal system of ancient Rome that is now the basis of civil law, one of the main European legal systems.
It originated under the republic, was developed under the empire, and continued in use in the Byzantine empire until 1453. First codified in 450 BC and finalized under Justinian AD 528–534, it advanced to a system of international law (jus gentium), applied in disputes between Romans and foreigners or provincials, or between provincials of different states. Church influence led to the adoption of Roman law throughout western continental Europe, and it was spread to E Europe and parts of Asia by the French Code Napoléon in the 19th century. Scotland and Québec (because of their French links) and South Africa (because of its link with Holland) also have it as the basis of their legal systems.
English law derives from Anglo-Saxon customs, which were too entrenched to be broken by the Norman Conquest and still form the basis of the common law, which by 1250 had been systematized by the royal judges. Unique to English law is the doctrine of stare decisis (Latin “to stand by things decided”), which requires that courts abide by former precedents (or decisions) when the same points arise again in litigation.
These two concepts are the basis for US law.
The main differences between the British legal system, called the adversarial or accusatorial system, and the system of some European countries (eg. France), called the inquisitorial system, are that in the adversarial system the judge acts as an impartial umpire; prosecution and defense each put their case; and the jury decides. In the inquisitorial system the inquiry into the facts is conducted by the judge, who also examines the evidence and interrogates witnesses.
A disadvantage of the accusatorial system is that juries have to decide on the evidence put in court, which may be limited by rules of evidence. The same evidence would not be hidden under the inquisitorial system, where all evidence must be put forward. But the inquisitorial system does not allow for cross-examination of witnesses, and gives the examining magistrate potentially oppressive powers. Pleas of guilty are also not allowed.
1. A generalization based on recurring facts or events (in science or mathematics etc).
2. A rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society; SYN. natural law.
3. One of a set of rules governing a particular activity or a legal document setting forth such a rule.
4. The collection of rules imposed by authority; SYN. jurisprudence.
5. The learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; SYN. practice of law.
Sinonimi: spirit level
ETYM Old Eng. level, livel, Old Fren. livel, French niveau, from Latin libella level, water level, a plumb level, dim. of libra pound, measure for liquids, balance, water poise, level. Related to Librate, Libella.
1. Establishes the horizontal when a bubble is centered in a tube of liquid; SYN. spirit level.
2. Height above ground.
ETYM as. right. Related to Right.
1. The hand that is on the right side of the body; SYN. right hand.
2. A turn to the right.
3. Anything in accord with principles of justice; SYN. rightfulness.
4. Location near or direction toward the right side; i.e. the side to the south when a person or object faces east.
5. An abstract idea of that which is due to a person or governmental body by law or tradition or nature.
6. The conservative faction of a political party; SYN. right wing.
7. (Frequently plural) The interest possessed by law or custom in some intangible thing.
A cloth covering for the foot worn inside the shoe; reaches to between the ankle and the knee.