pozitivizam | srpsko - engleski prevod

pozitivizam

muški rod

Pravac u filozofiji i nauci kome je polazna tačka samo ono što je pozitivno, činjenično i iskustvom dato, i koji svoja istraživanja i izlaganja vrši samo u ovim granicama, odbacujući svaki metafizički put kao potpuno nepotreban i nekoristan; ovim se imenom naročito zove filozofska i socijalistička škola O. Konta (1798-1875), koji je i stvorio ovaj izraz, koja odbacujući metafiziku, ograničava ljudsko znanje samo na odnose i zakone, na pozitivne nauke: matematiku, astronomiju, fiziku, hemiju, biologiju i sociologiju. (lat.)

1. positivism

imenica

Sinonimi: positivity | logical positivism

1. A quality or state characterized by certainty or acceptance or affirmation; SYN. positivity.
2. The form of empiricism that bases knowledge on perceptual experience; SYN. logical positivism.
doctrine that that which is not observable is not knowable
Philosophy, doctrine excluding everything not an observable natural phenomenon.
Theory that confines genuine knowledge within the bounds of science and observation. The theory is associated with the French philosopher Auguste Comte and empiricism. Logical positivism developed in the 1920s. It rejected any metaphysical world beyond everyday science and common sense, and confined statements to those of formal logic or mathematics.
On the basis of positivism, Comte constructed his “Religion of Humanity”, in which the object of adoration was the Great Being; that is, the personification of humanity as a whole. Logical positivism influenced, and became more widely known through, the work of A J Ayer and the Vienna Circle.

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