ETYM Cf. Old Fren. ancesserie. Related to Ancestor.
Inherited properties shared with others of one's bloodline; SYN. lineage, derivation, filiation.
ETYM Cf. French antécédent.
1. A preceding occurrence or cause or event.
2. Anything that precedes something similar in time; SYN. forerunner.
3. The referent of an anaphor; a phrase or clause that is referred to by an anaphoric pronoun.
1. The part of a scene (or picture) that lies behind objects in the foreground; SYN. ground.
2. Relatively unimportant or inconspicuous accompanying situation.
3. A person's social heritage: previous experience or training.
4. Information that is essential to understanding a situation or problem; SYN. background knowledge.
5. Extraneous signals that can be confused with the phenomenon to be observed or measured; SYN. background signal.
6. (Computer science) The area of the screen in graphical user interfaces against which icons and windows appear; SYN. desktop, screen background.
ETYM Old Eng. burth, birth, AS. beordt, gebyrd, from beran to bear, bring forth; akin to Dutch geboorte, Old High Germ. burt, giburt, German geburt, Icel. burthr, Skr. bhrti bearing, supporting; cf. Irish and Gael. beirthe born, brought forth. Related to Bear, Berth.
1. The event of being born; SYN. nativity, nascency, nascence.
2. The time when something begins (especially life); or.
Act of producing live young from within the body of female animals. Both viviparous and ovoviviparous animals give birth to young. In viviparous animals, embryos obtain nourishment from the mother via a placenta or other means.
In ovoviviparous animals, fertilized eggs develop and hatch in the oviduct of the mother and gain little or no nourishment from maternal tissues. See also pregnancy.
A direct line of descent in reference to a dynasty or to a pedigree among animals. blood-line
In biology, the crossing and selection of animals and plants to change the characteristics of an existing breed or cultivar (variety), or to produce a new one.
Cattle may be bred for increased meat or milk yield, sheep for thicker or finer wool, and horses for speed or stamina. Plants, such as wheat or corn, may be bred for disease resistance, heavier and more rapid cropping, and hardiness to adverse weather.
1. Raising someone to be an accepted member of the community; SYN. bringing up, fostering, fosterage, nurture, nurturing, raising, rearing, upbringing.
2. General education, usually associate with high culture.
3. The production of livestock for human consumption.
4. The production of animals or plants by inbreeding or hybridization.
ETYM Latin derivatio: cf. French dérivation. Related to Derive.
The source of a word or expression. English words are derived from a variety of other languages (see borrowing), especially Greek, Latin, Anglo-Saxon, and, after the Norman Conquest, French.
Many current expressions have survived the practices that gave rise to them; they are dead metaphors. “Getting the sack”, for instance, is derived from the time when workers brought their own tools in a sack. “Get your sack” meant you had lost your job.
1. (Descriptive linguistics) The process whereby new words are formed from existing words or bases by affixation: 'singer' from 'sing'; 'undo' from 'do'.
2. A line of reasoning that shows how a conclusion follows logically from accepted propositions.
3. Drawing of fluid or inflammation away from a diseased part of the body.
4. Drawing off water from its main channel as for irrigation.
5. The source from which something derives (i.e. comes or issues).
The portion of a lowercase letter that falls below the baseline. See the illustration. See also baseline, x-height. Compare ascender.
ETYM French descente, from descendre; like vente, from vendre. Related to Descend.
1. A downward slope; SYN. declivity, fall, decline, downslope.
2. A movement downward.
3. The act of changing one's location in a downward direction.
4. The kinship relation between an individual and the individual's progenitors; SYN. line of descent, lineage, filiation.
ETYM Latin, from Greek genesis, from the root of gignesthai to beget, be born; akin to Latin genus birth, race. Related to Gender.
(Irregular plural: geneses).
1. The supposed origination of living organisms from lifeless matter.
2. Any origin or birth.
ETYM Old Eng. linage, French lignage, from Latin linea line. Related to Line.
The descendants of one individual; SYN. line, line of descent, descent, bloodline, blood line, blood, pedigree, ancestry, origin, parentage, stock.
Sinonimi: mint candy
1. The governmental establishment where money is printed or struck.
2. A candy that is flavored with a mint oil; SYN. mint candy.
3. Any north temperate plant of the genus Mentha with aromatic leaves and small mauve flowers.
4. The leaves of a mint plant used fresh or candied.
ETYM French origine, Latin origo, -iginis, from oriri to rise, become visible; akin to Greek ornynai to stir up, rouse, Skr. or, and perh. to Eng. run.
1. An event that is a beginning; a first part or stage of subsequent events; SYN. origination, genesis, inception.
2. Properties attributable to one's ancestry; SYN. descent, extraction.
3. The point of intersection of coordinate axes; where the values of the coordinates are all zero.
In mathematics, the point where the x axis meets the y axis. The coordinates of the origin are (0,0).
ETYM Latin parens, -entis; akin to parere to bring forth; cf. French parent. Related to Part.
A father or mother; one who begets or one who gives birth to or nurtures and raises a child; a relative who plays the role of guardian.
ETYM Cf. French parentage relationship.
1. The kinship relation of an offspring to the parents; SYN. birth.
ETYM Of unknown origin.
1. Ancestry of a purebred animal; SYN. bloodline.
2. Line of descent of a pure-bred animal.
1. Source; origin.
2. The history of ownership of a valued object or work of art or literature
ETYM Old Eng. sours, Old Fren. sourse, surse, sorse, French source, from Old Fren. sors, p. p. of Old Fren. sordre, surdre, sourdre.
1. A document (or organization) from which information is obtained.
2. A facility where something is available; SYN. channel.
3. Anything that provides inspiration for later work; SYN. seed, germ.
ETYM as. spring a fountain, a leap. Related to Spring.
1. In geology, a natural flow of water from the ground, formed at the point of intersection of the water table and the ground's surface. The source of water is rain that has percolated through the overlying rocks. During its underground passage, the water may have dissolved mineral substances that may then be precipitated at the spring (hence, a mineral spring). A spring may be continuous or intermittent, and depends on the position of the water table and the topography (surface features).
2. A natural flow of ground water; SYN. fountain, outflow, outpouring, natural spring.
3. A point at which water issues forth.
4. The season of growth; SYN. springtime.
ETYM as. stocc a stock, trunk, stick; akin to Dutch stok, German stock, Old High Germ. stoc, Icel. stokkr, Swed. stock, Dan. stok, and as. stycce a piece; cf. Skr. tuj to urge, thrust. Related to Stokker, Stucco, and Tuck a rapier.
1. The merchandise that a shop has on hand; SYN. inventory.
2. The capital raised by a corporation through the issue of shares entitling holders to partial ownership.
3. The handle of a handgun or the butt end of a rifle or shotgun or part of the support of a machine gun or artillery gun; SYN. gunstock.
4. The reputation and popularity a person has.
5. Wood used in the construction of something.
6. The handle end of some implements or tools.
7. A plant or stem onto which a graft is made; especially a plant grown specifically to provide the root part of grafted plants.
8. Persistent thickened stem of a herbaceous perennial plant; SYN. caudex.