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Paragvaj [ muški rod {geologija} ]

Država u Južnoj Americi.

Paraguay [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

A republic in south central South America.
Landlocked country in South America, bounded NE by Brazil, S by Argentina, and NW by Bolivia.
government
The 19constitution provides for a president and a two-chamber legislature, the National Congress, consisting of a Senate and Chamber of Deputies, both elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. The president, elected for a nonrenewable five-year term, appoints and leads the cabinet, which is called the Council of Ministers.
The Senate has members and the Chamber 8and the party winning the largest number of votes in the congressional elections is allocated two-thirds of the seats in each chamber.
history
For early history, see Native American. The Guaraní Indians had a settled agricultural civilization before the arrival of Europeans: Sebastian Cabot 1526–3followed by Spanish colonists, who founded the city of Asunción 153From about 16until 176when they were expelled, Jesuit missionaries administered much of the country. It became a province subordinate to the Spanish viceroyalty of Peru, then from 17part of the viceroyalty of Buenos Aires.
independence
In 18Paraguay declared its independence. The first president was J G R Francia (ruled 1816–40), a despot; he was followed by his nephew C A López and in 18by his son F S López, who involved Paraguay in a war with Brazil, Argentina, and Uruguay. Paraguay was invaded and López killed at Aquidabán 187When the war was finally over, the population consisted mainly of women and children. Recovery was slow, with many revolutions. Continuing disputes with Bolivia over the frontier in the torrid Chaco zone of the north flared up into war 1932–3arbitration by the US and five South American republics reached a peace settlement 1938.
military governments
Since 19Paraguay has been mostly under the control of military governments led by strong, autocratic leaders. General Morínigo was president 1940–and General Alfredo Stroessner 1954–8During the US presidency of Jimmy Carter the Stroessner regime came under strong criticism for its violation of human rights, resulting in a tempering of the general's iron rule. He maintained his supremacy by ensuring that the armed forces and business community shared in the spoils of office and by preventing opposition groups from coalescing into a credible challenge. In the 19Congress elections the National Republican Party (Colorado Party), led by Stroessner, with the largest number of votes, automatically secured Senate and Chamber seats. The Radical Liberal Party was placed second, with six Senate and Chamber seats.
democratic elections
Stroessner sought and won an eighth consecutive term only to be ousted, in Feb 198by General Andrés Rodríguez who, in May 198was elected president. The Colorado Party was successful in the congressional elections. During 1989–9Rodríguez made progress on economic growth and political democracy. A new constitution came into force 199The Colorado Party won the first multiparty elections May 199and in Aug 19Juan Carlos Wasmosy became the country's first freely elected president. Alleging official corruption and demanding direct talks with the government, the two national labor union federations called a one-day strike May 199the first in years.

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