1. From a higher to a lower place.
2. Toward a direction that is the opposite of up.
3. From a higher to a lower condition.
4. From an earlier time.
5. From an ancestor or predecessor.
ETYM Old Eng. arai, arrai, Old Fren. arrai, arrei, arroi, order, arrangement, dress, French arroi.
1. An orderly arrangement.
2. An impressive display.
3. An arrangement of aerials spaced to give desired directional characteristics.
4. Especially fine or decorative clothing; SYN. finery, raiment, regalia.
1. A building in which commercial banking is transacted; SYN. bank building.
2. A small, hollow object in which one keeps one's money SYN. piggybank.
3. The funds held by a gambling house or the dealer in some gambling games
4. A flight maneuver; aircraft tips laterally about its longitudinal axis (especially in turning).
5. A long ridge or pile
6. A slope in the turn of a road or track; the outside is higher than the inside in order to reduce the effects of centrifugal force; SYN. cant, camber.
7. A supply or stock held in reserve especially for future use (especially in emergencies).
8. An arrangement of similar objects in a row or in tiers
9. Sloping land (especially the slope beside a body of water)
Sinonimi: concatenation | chemical chain
ETYM French chaîne, from Latin catena. Related to Catenate.
Unit of length equal to 20 metres.
1. A series of (usually metal) rings or links fitted into one another to make a flexible ligament.
2. A number of similar establishments (stores or restaurants or banks or hotels or theaters) under one ownership.
3. A series of things depending on each other as if linked together; SYN. concatenation.
4. Anything that acts as a restraint.
5. A series of linked atoms (generally in an organic molecule); SYN. chemical chain.
6. A unit of length.
ETYM Latin concatenatio.
1. The act of linking together as in a series or chain.
2. The linking together of a consecutive series of symbols or events or ideas etc.
3. The state of being linked together as in a chain; union in a linked series.
ETYM French, from corde. Related to Cord.
1. An ornamental ribbon or cord.
2. Cord or ribbon worn as an insignia of honor or rank.
1. A container for keeping papers in order; SYN. file cabinet, filing cabinet.
2. A line of persons or things ranged one behind the other; SYN. single file, Indian file.
3. A set of related records (either written or electronic) kept together; SYN. data file.
4. A steel hand tool with small sharp teeth on some or all of its surfaces; used for smoothing wood or metal.
1. A length (straight or curved) without breadth or thickness; the trace of a moving point.
2. A mark that is long relative to its width
3. A linear string of words expressing some idea
4. A formation of people or things one after another
5. A formation of people or things beside one another
6. Something long and thin and flexible.
7. A conceptual separation or demarcation:; SYN. dividing line, demarcation, contrast.
8. A fortified position (especially one marking the most forward position of troops)
9. A particular kind of product; SYN. product line, line of products, line of merchandise, business line, line of business.
10. A commercial organization serving as a common carrier.
11. Railroad track and roadbed; SYN. railway line, rail line.
12. In games or sports; a mark indicating positions or bounds of the playing area.
13. Acting in conformity; or or
14. A single frequency (or very narrow band) of radiation in a spectrum.
ETYM From Range: cf. French rangée.
1. The limits within which something can be effective; SYN. reach.
2. The limits of the values a function can take.
3. A variety of different things or activities.
4. A place for shooting (firing or driving) projectiles of various kinds.
5. A series of hills or mountains; SYN. mountain range, range of mountains, chain, mountain chain, chain of mountains.
6. A large tract of grassy open land on which livestock can graze.
1. A row or line of people (especially soldiers or police) standing abreast of one another
2. Relative status
(Homonym: rho, roe).
1. An arrangement of objects or people side by side in a line.
2. A long continuous strip (usually running horizontally).
3. A linear array of numbers side by side.
4. A continuous chronological succession without an interruption.
1. The act of running; traveling on foot at a fast pace; SYN. running.
2. A regular trip
3. A short trip
4. A row of unravelled stitches; SYN. ladder, ravel.
5. A score in baseball made by a runner touching all four bases safely; or; SYN. tally.
6. A football play in which a player runs with the ball; SYN. running, running play, running game.
ETYM French séquence, Latin sequentia, from sequens. Related to Sequent.
1. A following of one thing after another in time; SYN. chronological sequence, succession, successiveness, chronological succession.
2. A succession of related shots that develop a given subject in a film; SYN. episode.
3. Arrangement in which things follow in logical order or a recurrent pattern.
4. Several repetitions of a melodic phrase in different keys.
In music, a device allowing key modulation favored by early keyboard composers in which a phrase is repeated sequentially, each time transposing to a different key.
Sinonimi: serial | serial publication
ETYM Latin series, from serere, sertum, to join or bind together; cf. Skr. sarit thread. Related to Assert, Desert a solitude, Exert, Insert, Seraglio.
1. A periodical that appears at scheduled times; SYN. serial, serial publication.
2. Similar things placed or happening one after another.
3. The sum of a finite or infinite sequence of expressions.
1. The act of putting something in position
2. A group of things of the same kind that belong together and are so used:
3. An abstract collection of numbers or symbols
4. An unofficial association of people or groups; SYN. circle, band, lot.
5. Several exercises intended to be done in series; SYN. exercise set.
6. Any electronic equipment that receives or transmits radio or tv signals
7. A unit of play in tennis or squash
8. (Psychology) A temporary readiness to respond in a particular way; SYN. readiness.
9. The descent of a heavenly body below the horizon
ETYM Old Eng. string, streng, as. streng; akin to Dutch streng, German strang, Icel. strengr, Swed. sträng, Dan. straeng; probably from the adj, Eng. strong (see Strong); or perhaps originally meaning, twisted, and akin to Eng. strangle.
1. A lightweight cord; SYN. twine.
2. A tightly stretched cord of wire or gut, which makes sound when plucked, struck, or bowed.
3. A sequentially ordered set of things or events or ideas in which each successive member is related to the preceding; SYN. train.
4. A linear sequence of words as spoken or written; SYN. string of words, word string, linguistic string.
5. A collection of objects threaded on a single strand.
Sinonimi: sequence | ecological succession | taking over
ETYM Latin successio: cf. French succession. Related to Succeed.
1. The action of following in order; SYN. sequence.
2. (Ecology) The gradual and orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the progressive replacement of one community by another until a stable climax is established; SYN. ecological succession.
3. A group of people or things arranged or following in order.
4. Acquisition of property by descent or by will; SYN. taking over.
In ecology, a series of changes that occur in the structure and composition of the vegetation in a given area from the time it is first colonized by plants (primary succession), or after it has been disturbed by fire, flood, or clearing (secondary succession).
If allowed to proceed undisturbed, succession leads naturally to a stable climax community (for example, oak and hickory forest or savannah grassland) that is determined by the climate and soil characteristics of the area.
ETYM French See Suit.
1. A matching set of furniture.
2. A musical composition of several movements only loosely connected.
3. A series of connected rooms used as a living unit; SYN. rooms.
In Baroque music, a set of contrasting instrumental pieces based on dance forms, known by their French names as allemande, bourrée, courante, gavotte, gigue, minuet, musette, passepied, rigaudon, sarabande, and so on. The term refers in more recent usage to a concert arrangement of set pieces from an extended ballet or stage composition, such as Tchaikovsky’s Nutcracker Suite 1891–92. Stravinsky’s suite from The Soldier’s Tale 1920 incorporates a tango, waltz, and ragtime.
ETYM French train, Old Fren. traďn, trahin; cf. (for some of the senses) French traine. Related to Train.
1. A series of consequences wrought by an event.
2. Long back section of a gown that is drawn along the floor.
ETYM Latin varietas: cf. French variété. Related to Various.
A difference that is usually pleasant; SYN. change.
Skup srodnih podataka (kao što su brojevi, slova ili nizovi znakova) koji se pamti pod nekim imenom. Podaci su obično iste vrste. Svaki podatak u nizu predstavlja jedan element.
In programming, a list of data values, all of the same type, any element of which can be referenced by an expression consisting of the array name followed by an indexing expression. Arrays are part of the fundamentals of data structures, which, in turn, are a major fundamental of computer programming. See also array element, index1, record1, vector.
In computer programming, a list of values that can all be referred to by a single variable name. Separate values are distinguished by using a subscript with each variable name.
For example, consider this list of highest daily temperatures:
day 1 22
day 2 23
day 3 19
day 4 21
This array might be stored with the single variable name “temp”. Separate elements of the array would then be identified with subscripts. So, for example, the array element “temp(1)” would store the value “22”, and the array element “temp(3)” would store the value “19”.
An array may use more than one subscript. For example, consider this list showing the number of pints of milk delivered to four houses:
house 1 house 2 house 3 house 4
day 1 2 2 3 1
day 2 2 1 2 1
day 3 3 2 0 1
day 4 2 1 2 1
day 5 4 1 2 2
day 6 4 5 4 4
If the array were given the variable name “pint”, its elements would be identified with two subscripts: one for the house and one for the day of the week. So, for example, the array element “pints(2, 6)” would store the value “5”, and the array element “pints(3, 3)” would store the value “0”.
Arrays are useful because they allow programmers to write general routines that can process long lists of data. For example, if every price stored in an accounting program used a different variable name, separate program instructions would be needed to process each price. However, if all the prices were stored in an array, a general routine could be written to process, say, “price(J)”, and, by allowing J to take different values, could then process any individual price.