1. A skin sore caused by chafing.
2. Abnormal swelling of plant tissue caused by insects or microorganisms or injury.
Abnormal outgrowth on a plant that develops as a result of attack by insects or, less commonly, by bacteria, fungi, mites, or nematodes. The attack causes an increase in the number of cells or an enlargement of existing cells in the plant. Gall-forming insects generally pass the early stages of their life inside the gall.
Gall wasps are responsible for the conspicuous bud galls forming on oak trees, 2.5–4 cm/1–1.5 in across, known as “oak apples”.
ETYM Formerly peat, perhaps from Irish peat, akin to Gael. peata.
A domesticated animal kept for companionship or amusement.
A pampered and usually spoiled child.
A person who is treated with unusual kindness or consideration; darling.
Animal kept for companionship and occasionally for status. Research suggests that interaction with a pet induces relaxation (slower heart rate and lower blood pressure). In 16th–17th century Europe, keeping animals in this way was thought suggestive of witchcraft.
A 1992 Australian study found that pet owners had lower cholesterol levels than non-pet owners with comparable lifestyles.
ETYM French ressentiment.
A feeling of deep and bitter anger and ill-will; SYN. bitterness, gall, rancor, rancour.