ETYM Old Eng. anger, angre, affliction, anger, from Icel. angr affliction, sorrow; akin to Dan. anger regret, Swed. anger regret, AS. ange oppressed, sad, Latin angor a strangling, anguish, angere to strangle, Greek agchein to strangle.
1. A strong emotion; a feeling that is oriented toward some real or supposed grievance; SYN. choler, ire.
2. The state of being angry; SYN. angriness.
ETYM Icel. beita food, beit pasture, akin to AS. bât food, Swed. bete. Related to Bait.
1. Anything that serves as an enticement; SYN. come-on, hook, lure, sweetener.
2. Something used to lure victim into danger; SYN. decoy, lure.
ETYM Old Eng. coler, French colčre anger, Latin cholera a bilious complaint, from Greek cholera, from chole bile. Related to Gall, Cholera.
(Archaic) Anger; ire.
1. A wood used especially for dagger hilts
2. A dagger with a handle of dudgeon
3. A haft made of dudgeon
ETYM Old Eng. frenesie, fransey, French frénésie, Latin phrenesis, from Greek phrenesis for phrenitis disease of the mind, phrenitis, from phrhn mind. Related to Frantic, Phrenitis.
Any violent agitation of the mind approaching to distraction; violent and temporary derangement of the mental faculties; madness; rage.
1. A smoke, vapor, or gas especially when irritating or offensive
2. An often noxious suspension of particles in a gas (as air)
3. Something (as an emotion) that impairs one's reasoning
4. A state of excited irritation or anger — usually used in the phrase in a fume
ETYM Old Eng. hete, haete, AS. haetu, haeto, from hât hot; akin to Old High Germ. heizi heat, Dan. hede, Swed. hetta. Related to Hot.
Form of energy possessed by a substance by virtue of the vibrating movement (kinetic energy) of its molecules or atoms. Heat energy is transferred by conduction, convection, and radiation. It always flows from a region of higher temperature (heat intensity) to one of lower temperature. Its effect on a substance may be simply to raise its temperature, or to cause it to expand, melt (if a solid), vaporize (if a liquid), or increase its pressure (if a confined gas).
Quantities of heat are usually measured in units of energy, such as joules (J) or calories (cal). The specific heat of a substance is the ratio of the quantity of heat required to raise the temperature of a given mass of the substance through a given range of temperature to the heat required to raise the temperature of an equal mass of water through the same range. It is measured by a calorimeter.
Conduction, convection, and radiation.
Conduction is the passing of heat along a medium to neighboring parts with no visible motion accompanying the transfer of heat—for example, when the whole length of a metal rod is heated when one end is held in a fire. Convection is the transmission of heat through a fluid (liquid or gas) in currents—for example, when the air in a room is warmed by a fire or radiator. Radiation is heat transfer by infrared rays. It can pass through a vacuum, travels at the same speed as light, can be reflected and refracted, and does not affect the medium through which it passes. For example, heat reaches the Earth from the Sun by radiation.
See also thermodynamics.
1. A form of energy that is transferred by a difference in temperature; SYN. heat energy.
2. Intense passion or emotion; SYN. warmth, passion.
3. The sensation caused by heat energy; SYN. warmth.
Heat, like work, is a measure of the amount of energy transferred from one body to another because of the temperature difference between those bodies. Heat is not energy possessed by a body. We should not speak of the The energy a body possesses due to its temperature is a different thing, called internal thermal energy. The misuse of this word probably dates back to the 18th century when it was still thought that bodies undergoing thermal processes exchanged a substance, called caloric or phlogiston, a substance later called heat.
ETYM French, from Latin rabies, from rabere to rave; cf. Skr. rabh to seize, rabhas violence. Related to Rabid, Rabies, Rave.
1. A state of extreme anger.
2. Something that is desired intensely; SYN. passion.
3. Violent state of the elements.
ETYM Gael. spong, or Irish sponc, tinder, sponge; cf. as. sponge a sponge (Latin spongia), spôn a chip. Related to Sponge, Punk.
1. Wood that readily takes fire; touchwood.
2. Courage or initiative; pluck.
1. A characteristic (habitual or relatively temporary) state of feeling; SYN. mood, humor, humour.
2. A disposition to exhibit uncontrolled anger; SYN. biliousness, irritability, peevishness, pettishness, snappishness, surliness.
3. The elasticity and hardness of a metal object; its ability to absorb considerable energy before cracking; SYN. toughness.
ETYM Old Eng. wrathe, wraththe, wrethe, wraeththe, AS. wraeththo, from wrâth wroth; akin to Icel. reithi wrath. Related to Wroth.
1. Belligerence aroused by a real or supposed wrong (personified as one of the deadly sins); SYN. anger, ire, ira.
2. Intense anger (usually on an epic scale).