Germanijum, hemijski element, metal, sličan olovu; upotrebljava se u radio-tehnici.
Sinonimi: Ge | atomic number 32
ETYM New Lat., from Latin Germania Germany.
A semiconductor element (atomic number 32) that is used in some transistors, diodes, and solar cells but has been replaced by silicon in most applications. Germanium has a lower bias voltage than silicon but is more sensitive to heat (as in soldering).
Brittle, gray-white, weakly metallic (metalloid) element, symbol Ge, atomic number 32, atomic weight 72.6. It belongs to the silicon group, and has chemical and physical properties between those of silicon and tin. Germanium is a semiconductor material and is used in the manufacture of transistors and integrated circuits. The oxide is transparent to infrared radiation, and is used in military applications. It was discovered 1886 by German chemist Clemens Winkler (1838–1904).
In parts of Asia, germanium and plants containing it are used to treat a variety of diseases, and it is sold in the West as a food supplement despite fears that it may cause kidney damage.
A brittle gray crystalline element that is a semiconducting metalloid (resembling silicon) used in transistors; occurs in germanite and argyrodite; SYN. Ge, atomic number 32.