civilizacija prevod, Srpsko - Engleski rečnik i prevodilac teksta

Prevod reči: civilizacija

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civilizacija [ ženski rod ]

Stepen kulture koji dolazi iza varvarstva i na kome se malo pomalo čovek privikava da živi u skladnoj zajednici sa svojim bližnjima; prosvećenost, obrazovanost, uljuđenost, društvena usklađenost.

civilisation [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Alternate (chiefly British) spelling for civilization.

civilization [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Cf. French civilisation.
(Alternate spelling: civilisation).
A society in an advanced state of development.
Highly developed human society with structured division of labor. The earliest civilizations evolved in the Old World from advanced Neolithic farming societies in the Middle East (Sumer in 35BC; Egypt in 30BC), the Indus Valley (in 25BC), and China (in 22BC). In the New World, similar communities evolved civilizations in Mesoamerica (the Olmec in 12BC) and Peru (the Chavin in 8BC).
In anthropology, civilization is defined as an advanced sociopolitical stage of cultural evolution, whereby a centralized government (over a city, ceremonial center, or larger region called a state) is supported by the taxation of surplus production, and rules the agricultural and, often, mercantile base. Those who do not produce food become specialists who govern, lead religious ritual, impose and collect taxes, record the past and present, plan and have executed monumental public works (irrigation systems, roads, bridges, buildings, tombs), and elaborate and formalize the style and traditions of the society. These institutions are based on the use of leisure time to develop writing, mathematics, the sciences, engineering, architecture, philosophy, and the arts. Archeological remains of cities and ceremonial centers usually indicate the civilized state, with all the trappings of both style and content.

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