Grad u Ukrajini, čuven po tragediji nuklearne elektrane sa velikim posledicama.
A city in north central Ukraine; site of a major disaster at a nuclear power plant (16 April 1986).
Town in N Ukraine; site of a nuclear power station. In April 1986 two huge explosions destroyed a central reactor, breaching the 1,000 tonne roof. In the immediate vicinity of Chernobyl, 31 people died (all firemen or workers at the plant) and 135,000 were permanently evacuated. It has been estimated that there will be an additional 20–40,000 deaths from cancer in the next 60 years; 600,000 are officially classified as at risk.
The resulting clouds of radioactive isotopes were traced all over Europe, from Ireland to Greece. Together with the fallout from nuclear weapons testing conducted in the past, the Chernobyl explosion currently contributes 0.4% to the annual average radiation dose in the UK, with the greatest effects on average concentration occurring in Scotland and Northern Ireland.
Current attempts to make the land around Chernobyl safe to farm again include scraping off the top 3–4 cm/1–1.5 in of topsoil and then burying this 45 cm/18 in below without disturbing the intervening layer.
Another Chernobyl reactor was closed 1991 after a fire. The International Atomic Agency inspected the Chernobyl plant March 1994 and found numerous safety deficiencies in the two reactors still operating. The sarcophagus that seals remains of the exploded reactor is crumbling. In 1995 negotiations began to close the Chernobyl plant and build a gas-fired power station with the aid of the European Union and the Group of Seven (G7).