A unit of liquid capacity, the value of which depends on the liquid being measured. It is used for petroleum, a barrel of which contains 159 liters/42 gallons; a barrel of alcohol contains 189 liters/49.9 gallons.(container) Cylindrical container, tapering at each end, made of thick strips of wood bound together by metal hoops. Barrels are used for the bulk storage of fine wines and spirits.
Barrels were made by craftsmen known as coopers, whose main skill was the shaping and bending of the wooden strips (staves) so that they fitted together without gaps when secured by the hoops. Barrels were widely used for storing liquids and dry goods until the development of plastic containers.
1. A cylindrical container that holds liquids; SYN. cask.
2. Any of various units of capacity; SYN. bbl.
3. The cylinder through which bullet travels when gun is fired; SYN. gun barrel.
4. The quantity that a barrel (of any size) will hold; SYN. barrelful.
5. A bulging cylindrical shape; hollow with flat ends; SYN. drum.
ETYM Old Eng. barel, French baril, prob. from barre bar. Related to Barricade.
ETYM Spanish casco potsherd, skull, helmet, prob. from cascar to break, from Latin Quassure to break. Related to Casque, Cass.
The quantity a cask will hold; SYN. caskful.
1. A barrel-shaped vessel of staves, headings, and hoops usually for liquids.
2. A cask and its contents; also; the quantity contained in a cask.
Sinonimi: metal drum | membranophone | tympan | drumfish
ETYM Cf. Dutch trom, trommel, LG. trumme, German trommel, Dan. tromme, Swed. trumma, Old High Germ. trumba a trumpet, Icel. pruma a clap of thunder, and as a verb, to thunder, Dan. drum a booming sound, drumme to boom.
1. A cylindrical metal container used for shipping or storage of liquids; SYN. metal drum.
2. A musical percussion instrument; usually consists of a hollow cylinder with a membrane stretch across each end; SYN. membranophone, tympan.
3. Small to medium-sized bottom-dwelling food and game fishes of shallow coastal and fresh waters that make a drumming noise; SYN. drumfish.
4. The sound of a drum.
Any of a class of percussion instruments including slit drums made of wood, steel drums fabricated from oil drums, and a majority group of skin drums consisting of a shell or vessel of wood, metal, or earthenware across one or both ends of which is stretched a membrane of hide or plastic.
Drums are struck with the hands or with a stick or pair of sticks; they are among the oldest instruments known. Most drums are of indeterminate low or high pitch and function as rhythm instruments. The exceptions are steel drums, orchestral timpani (kettledrums), and Indian tabla which are tuned to precise pitches. Double-ended African kalungu (“talking drums”) can be varied in pitch by the player squeezing on the tension cords. Frame drums including the Irish bodhrán and Basque tambour are smaller and lighter in tone and may incorporate jingles or rattles. Orchestral drums consist of timpani, tambourine, snare, side, and bass drums, the latter either single-headed (with a single skin) and producing a ringing tone, called a gong drum, or double-headed (with two skins) and producing a dense booming noise of indeterminate pitch. Military bands of foot soldiers employ the snare and side drums, and among cavalry regiments a pair of kettledrums mounted on horseback are played on ceremonial occasions.
Dance band drums have evolved from the “traps” of Dixieland jazz into a battery of percussion employing a range of stick types. In addition to snare and foot-controlled bass drums, many feature a scale of pitched bongos and tom-toms, as well as suspended cymbals, hi-hat (foot-controlled double cymbals), cowbells, and temple blocks. Recent innovations include the rotary tunable rototoms, electronic drums, and the drum machine, a percussion synthesizer.