Znanje prevod, Srpsko - Engleski rečnik i prevodilac teksta

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znanje [ imenica ]

acquirement [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

(Obsolete) The act of acquiring, or that which is acquired; attainment.
An ability that has been acquired by training

art [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French art, Latin ars, artis, orig., skill in joining or fitting; prob. akin to Eng. arm, aristocrat, article.
The creation of beautiful or significant things; SYN. artistic creation, artistic production.
The products of human creativity; works of art collectively; SYN. fine art.
The superior ability that is attained by study and practice and observation; SYN. artistry, prowess, superior skill.
In the broadest sense, all the processes and products of human skill, imagination, and invention; the opposite of nature. In contemporary usage, definitions of art usually reflect esthetic criteria, and the term may encompass literature, music, drama, painting, and sculpture. Popularly, the term is most commonly used to refer to the visual arts. In Western culture, esthetic criteria introduced by the ancient Greeks still influence our perceptions and judgments of art.
Two currents of thought run through our ideas about art. In one, derived from Aristotle, art is concerned with mimesis (“imitation”), the representation of appearances, and gives pleasure through the accuracy and skill with which it depicts the real world. The other view, derived from Plato, holds that the artist is inspired by the Muses (or by God, or by the inner impulses, or by the collective unconscious) to express that which is beyond appearances— inner feelings, eternal truths, or the essence of the age. In the Middle Ages the term “art” was used, chiefly in the plural, to signify a branch of learning which was regarded as an instrument of knowledge. The seven liberal arts consisted of the trivium, that is grammar, logic, and rhetoric, and the quadrivium, that is arithmetic, music, geometry, and astronomy. In the visual arts of Western civilizations, painting and sculpture have been the dominant forms for many centuries. This has not always been the case in other cultures. Islamic art, for example, is o.
Ne of ornament, for under the Muslim religion artists were forbidden to usurp the divine right of creation by portraying living creatures. In some cultures masks, tattoos, pottery, and metalwork have been the main forms of visual art. Recent technology has made new art forms possible, such as photography and cinema, and today electronic media have led to entirely new ways of creating and presenting visual images. See also prehistoric art; the arts of ancient civilizations, for example Egyptian art; indigenous art traditions, for example Oceanic art; medieval art; the arts of individual countries, such as French art; individual movements, such as Romanticism, Cubism, and Impressionism; and painting and sculpture.

attainment [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Arrival at a new stage.
The act of achieving an aim.

witting [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

1 chiefly dialect; knowledge or awareness of something; cognizance
2 chiefly dialect; information obtained or communicated; news

competence [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Cf. French compétence, from Latin competentia agreement.
The quality of being adequately or well qualified physically and intellectually; SYN. competency.

craft [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM AS. craeft strength, skill, art, cunning; akin to OS., German, Swed., and Dan. kraft strength, Dutch kracht, Icel. kraptr; perh. originally, a drawing together, stretching, from the root of Eng. cramp.
(Homonym: kraft).
A vehicle designed for navigation in or on water or air or through outer space.
A particular kind of skilled work; SYN. trade.
Skill in an occupation or trade; SYN. craftsmanship, workmanship.
Shrewdness as demonstrated by being skilled in deception; SYN. craftiness, cunning, foxiness, guile, slyness, wiliness.

cunning [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM From Old Fren. hourd, hourt, barrier, palisade, of German or Dutch origin; cf. Dutch horde hurdle, fence, German horde, hürde; akin to Eng. hurdle. Related to Hurdle.
The act of one who hoards.

expertness [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Skillfulness by virtue of possessing special knowledge; SYN. expertise.

knowledge [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. knowlage, knowlege, knowleche, knawleche. The last part is the Icel. suffix -leikr, forming abstract nouns, orig. the same as Icel. leikr game, play, sport, akin to as. lâc, Goth. laiks dance. Related to Know, Lake, Lark a frolic.
The condition of knowing.
The breadth of one's understanding.
Learning in general.
Sexual intercourse; carnal knowledge.
Awareness of or familiarity with something or someone, or confidence in the accuracy of a fact or other information. Knowledge is often defined as justified true belief, although philosophers dispute what would count as justification here, and some philosophers have argued that knowledge does not involve but replaces belief. The philosophy of knowledge is epistemology.
For Plato, knowledge is of the Forms, or universals, whereas belief is of changing, material things. For English philosopher John Locke, knowledge is “the perception of the agreement or disagreement of two ideas”. French mathematician René Descartes thought his “cogito ergo sum”/“I think, therefore I am” was an item of certain knowledge. English philosopher Gilbert Ryle contrasts knowing how and knowing that: moral knowledge is knowing how to behave, whereas factual knowledge is knowing that something is the case.

learning [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM AS. leornung.
The cognitive process of acquiring skill or knowledge; SYN. acquisition.

light [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. light, liht, as. leóht; akin to os. lioht, Dutch and German licht, Old High Germ. lioht, Goth. liuhath, Icel. ljôs, Latin lux light, lucere to shine, Greek leykos white, Skr. ruc to shine. Related to Lucid, Lunar, Luminous, Lynx.
Having abundant light or illumination: or; SYN. lighting.
Any device serving as a source of visible light; SYN. light source.
An illuminated area.
A visual warning signal.
A particular perspective or aspect of a situation.
A condition of spiritual awareness; divine illumination; SYN. illumination.
The visual effect of illumination on objects or scenes as created in pictures; SYN. lightness.
(Physics) Electromagnetic radiation that can produce a visual sensation; SYN. visible light, visible radiation.
Public awareness.
1Mental understanding as an enlightening experience.
1A person regarded very fondly.

lore [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Knowledge gained through tradition or anecdote; SYN. traditional knowledge.
Space between eye and beak or snout.

practice [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. praktike, practique, French pratique, formerly also, practique, Late Lat. practica, from Greek, practical. Related to Practical, Pratique, Pretty.
Period of exercise to develop a skill; condition of having such a skill through exercise; application of a skill, etc. as opposed to theory; customary action or proceeding; procedure; professional business and clientele of a doctor, lawyer, etc. (as distinct from practice).
A customary way of operation or behavior; SYN. pattern.
Knowledge of how something is customarily done.
The exercise of a profession.
Translating an idea into action.
An activity dedicated to repetition and improvement of a skill.

proficiency [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

Skillfulness in the command of fundamentals deriving from practice and familiarity; SYN. facility, technique.
The quality of having great facility and competence.

science [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French, from Latin scientia, from sciens, -entis, p. pr. of scire to know. Related to Conscience, Conscious, Nice.
A particular branch of scientific knowledge; SYN. scientific discipline.
Any domain of knowledge accumulated by systematic study and organized by general principles; SYN. scientific knowledge.
Any systematic field of study or body of knowledge that aims, through experiment, observation, and deduction, to produce reliable explanation of phenomena, with reference to the material and physical world.
Activities such as healing, star-watching, and engineering have been practiced in many societies since ancient times. Pure science, especially physics (formerly called natural philosophy), had traditionally been the main area of study for philosophers. The European scientific revolution between about 16and 18replaced speculative philosophy with a new combination of observation, experimentation, and rationality.
Today, scientific research involves an interaction among tradition, experiment and observation, and deduction. The subject area called philosophy of science investigates the nature of this complex interaction, and the extent of its ability to gain access to the truth about the material world. It has long been recognized that induction from observation cannot give explanations based on logic. In the 20th century Karl Popper has described scientific method as a rigorous experimental testing of a scientist’s ideas or hypotheses (see hypothesis). The origin and role of these ideas, and their interdependence with observation, have been examined, for example, by the us thinker Thomas S Kuhn, who places them in a historical and sociological setting. The sociology of science investigates how scientific theories and laws are produced, and questions the possibility of objectivity in any scientific endeavor. One controversial point of view is the replacement of scientific realism with scientific relativism, as proposed.
By Paul K Feyerabend. Questions concerning the proper use of science and the role of science education are also restructuring this field of study.
Science is divided into separate areas of study, such as astronomy, biology, geology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics, although more recently attempts have been made to combine traditionally separate disciplines under such headings as life sciences and earth sciences. These areas are usually jointly referred to as the natural sciences. Physics and chemistry are sometimes separated out and called the physical sciences, with mathematics left in a category of its own. The application of science for practical purposes is called technology. Social science is the systematic study of human behavior, and includes such areas as anthropology, economics, psychology, and sociology. One area of contemporary debate is whether the social-science disciplines are actually sciences; that is, whether the study of human beings is capable of scientific precision or prediction in the same way as natural science is seen to be.

skill [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Icel. skil a distinction, discernment; akin to skilja to separate, divide, distinguish, Swed. skilja. skille to separate, skiel reason, right, justice, Swed. skäl reason, Lith. skelli to cleave. Related to Shell, Shoal, a multitude.
Ability to produce solutions in some problem domain; SYN. science.
An ability that has been acquired by training; SYN. accomplishment, acquirement, acquisition, attainment.

trade [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Formerly, a path, Old Eng. tred a footmark. Related to Tread.
The business given to a commercial establishment by its customers; SYN. patronage.
The commercial exchange (buying and selling on domestic or international markets) of goods and services.
The skilled practice of a practical occupation; SYN. craft.
Exchange of commodities between groups or individuals. Direct trade is usually known as barter, whereas indirect trade is carried out through a medium such as money.
In the 17th and 18th centuries, for example, barter between Europeans and West Africans was based on units of value called sortings. A sorting might consist of a quantity of cloth or oil. The amount of goods in each sorting varied according to supply and demand.

versuteness [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

wisedom [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

workmanship [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

The art or skill of a workman; the execution or manner of making anything.
That which is effected, made, or produced; manufacture, something made by manual labor.

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