Bill-broker, dealer in bills of exchange. bill of adventure, declaration that merchandise shipped is not property of shipowner, whose liability is limited to safe delivery. bill of costs, solicitor's account of charges. bill of exchange, negotiable order to pay cash on or before certain date. bill of health, statement of health, especially as to infectious diseases, of persons aboard ship. bill of indictment, statement of accusation in criminal court. bill of lading, acknowledgment by ship's master that goods have been received on board, and promise of safe delivery. bill of sale, document transferring title to goods, especially as security for loan. bill of sight, outline description of goods being imported. bill of sufferance, permission to load or unload at certain ports without payment of duty. true bill, statement by grand jury that there was a prima facie case against accused.
1. A statement of money owed for goods or services; SYN. account, invoice.
2. A list of particulars (as a playbill or bill of fare).
3. A piece of paper money (especially one issued by a central bank); SYN. note, government note, bank bill, banker's bill, bank note, banknote, Federal Reserve note, greenback.
4. A statute in draft before it becomes law; SYN. measure.
5. The entertainment offered at a public presentation.
6. A long-handled saw with a curved blade; SYN. billhook.
7. A brim (of a hat) that projects to the front to shade the eyes; SYN. peak, eyeshade, visor, vizor.
Sinonimi: bye law | bylaw
A rule made by a local authority to regulate its own affairs; SYN. bye law, bylaw.
A local ordinance.
ETYM Old Eng. canon, canoun, AS. canon rule (cf. French canon, Late Lat. canon.
1. A collection of books accepted as holy scripture especially the books of the Bible recognized by any Christian church as genuine and inspired.
2. A contrapuntal piece of music in which a melody in one part is imitated exactly in other parts.
3. A priest who is a member of a cathedral chapter.
4. A rule or especially body of rules or principles generally established as valid and fundamental in a field or art or philosophy:.
Law; code, especially ecclesiastical; criterion; authentic or accepted books especially of Bible; list; Music, part-song in which opening passage is strictly repeated.
(religious writings) In theology, the collection of writings that is accepted as authoritative in a given religion, such as the Tripitaka in Theravada Buddhism. In the Christian church, it comprises the books of the Bible.
The canon of the Old Testament was drawn up at the assembly of rabbis held at Jamnia in Palestine between AD 90 and 100; certain excluded books were included in the Apocrypha.
The earliest list of New Testament books is known as the Muratorian Canon (about 160–70). Bishop Athanasius promulgated a list (about 365) which corresponds with that in modern Bibles.(priest) In the Roman Catholic and Anglican churches, a type of priest.
Canons, headed by the dean, are attached to a cathedral and constitute the chapter.(Homonym: canon).
ETYM Old Fren. commandement, French commandement.
Something that is commanded.
ETYM Latin institutio: cf. French institution.
1. A building or complex of buildings where an organization for the promotion of some cause is situated.
2. A custom that for a long time has been an important feature of some group or society.
3. An organization founded and united for a specific purpose; SYN. establishment.
ETYM Old Eng. lawe, laghe, AS. lagu, from the root of Eng. lie: akin to OS. lag, Icel. lög, Swed. lag, Dan. lov.
Body of rules and principles under which justice is administered or order enforced in a state or nation. In western Europe there are two main systems: Roman law and English law. US law is a modified form of English law.
Roman law legal system of ancient Rome that is now the basis of civil law, one of the main European legal systems.
It originated under the republic, was developed under the empire, and continued in use in the Byzantine empire until 1453. First codified in 450 BC and finalized under Justinian AD 528–534, it advanced to a system of international law (jus gentium), applied in disputes between Romans and foreigners or provincials, or between provincials of different states. Church influence led to the adoption of Roman law throughout western continental Europe, and it was spread to E Europe and parts of Asia by the French Code Napoléon in the 19th century. Scotland and Québec (because of their French links) and South Africa (because of its link with Holland) also have it as the basis of their legal systems.
English law derives from Anglo-Saxon customs, which were too entrenched to be broken by the Norman Conquest and still form the basis of the common law, which by 1250 had been systematized by the royal judges. Unique to English law is the doctrine of stare decisis (Latin “to stand by things decided”), which requires that courts abide by former precedents (or decisions) when the same points arise again in litigation.
These two concepts are the basis for US law.
The main differences between the British legal system, called the adversarial or accusatorial system, and the system of some European countries (eg. France), called the inquisitorial system, are that in the adversarial system the judge acts as an impartial umpire; prosecution and defense each put their case; and the jury decides. In the inquisitorial system the inquiry into the facts is conducted by the judge, who also examines the evidence and interrogates witnesses.
A disadvantage of the accusatorial system is that juries have to decide on the evidence put in court, which may be limited by rules of evidence. The same evidence would not be hidden under the inquisitorial system, where all evidence must be put forward. But the inquisitorial system does not allow for cross-examination of witnesses, and gives the examining magistrate potentially oppressive powers. Pleas of guilty are also not allowed.
1. A generalization based on recurring facts or events (in science or mathematics etc).
2. A rule or body of rules of conduct inherent in human nature and essential to or binding upon human society; SYN. natural law.
3. One of a set of rules governing a particular activity or a legal document setting forth such a rule.
4. The collection of rules imposed by authority; SYN. jurisprudence.
5. The learned profession that is mastered by graduate study in a law school and that is responsible for the judicial system; SYN. practice of law.
ETYM French principe, Latin principium beginning, foundation, from princeps, -cipis. Related to Prince.
1. A basic generalization that is accepted as true and that can be used as a basis for reasoning or conduct; SYN. rule.
2. A basic truth or law or assumption.
3. A rule or law concerning a natural phenomenon or the function of a mechanical system; SYN. rule.
4. A rule or standard especially of good behavior.
5. Rule of personal conduct; SYN. precept.
ETYM French, from Latin statua (akin to stativus standing still), from stare, statum, to stand. Related to Stand.
A sculpture representing a human or animal.