ETYM Old Eng. gardin, Old Fren. gardin, jardin, French jardin, of German origin; cf. Old High Germ. garto, German garten; akin to AS. geard. Related to Yard an inclosure.
Plot of land, usually belonging to a householder. It can be cultivated to produce food or to create pleasant surroundings.
Pleasure gardens were common in all ancient civilizations. In medieval Europe gardens were devoted to growing medicinal plants and herbs but in the 16th century formal recreational gardens became a feature of larger town and country houses. The taste for formality continued into the 19th century, when a more natural look became fashionable. Most 18th-century rural workers had vegetable gardens and the practice was continued wherever possible in the new industrial towns. The miniature landscaped garden with lawns and flowerbeds became a feature of 20th-century housing estates in Europe and the US.
1. A plot of ground where plants are cultivated.
2. A yard or lawn adjoining a house.
3. The flowers or vegetables or fruits or herbs that are cultivated in a garden.