Vlada prevod, srpsko - engleski rečnik

Prevod reči: Vlada

Smer prevoda: srpski > engleski

vlada [ ženski rod ]

administration [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. administracioun, Latin administratio: cf. French administration.
The act of administering.
The persons (or committees or departments etc.) who make up a governing body and who administer something; SYN. governance, establishment, brass, organization, organisation.
The act of administering medication; SYN. giving medication.
A method of tending to (especially business) matters; SYN. disposal.
The act of governing; exercising authority
he act of meting out justice according to the law
The tenure of a president

cabinet [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French, dim. of cabine or cabane. Related to Cabin.
A cupboard-like repository or piece of furniture with doors and shelves and drawers; for storage or display.
A storage compartment for clothes and valuables; usually it has a lock; SYN. locker, storage locker.
Housing for electronic instruments, as radio or television; SYN. console.
Persons appointed by a head of state to head executive departments of government and act as official advisers.
In government, a group of ministers that act as advisers to a country's executive. Cabinet members generally advise on, decide, or administer the government's policy. The US cabinet consists of the secretaries (heads) of the executive departments, appointed by the president and confirmed by the Senate. The secretaries are not members of Congress; they are advisers to the president. In the UK, the cabinet system originated under the Stuart monarchs; under William III it became customary for the king to select his ministers from the party with a parliamentary majority. The chief royal adviser was called the prime minister.

circar [ imenica {arhaično, zastarelo} ]
Generiši izgovor

government [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM French gouvernement. Related to Govern.
The act of governing; exercising authority; SYN. governing, governance.
The organization that is the governing authority of a political unit; SYN. authorities, regime.
The system or form by which a community or other political unit is governed.
Any system whereby political authority is exercised. Modern systems of government distinguish between liberal democracies, totalitarian (one-party) states, and autocracies (authoritarian, relying on force rather than ideology). The Greek philosopher Aristotle was the first to attempt a systematic classification of governments. His main distinctions were between government by one person, by few, and by many (monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy), although the characteristics of each may vary between states and each may degenerate into tyranny (rule by an oppressive elite in the case of oligarchy or by the mob in the case of democracy).
The French philosopher Montesquieu distinguished between constitutional governments—whether monarchies or republics —which operated under various legal and other constraints, and despotism, which was not constrained in this way. Many of the words used (dictatorship, tyranny, totalitarian, democratic) have acquired negative or positive connotations that make it difficult to use them objectively. The term liberal democracy was coined to distinguish Western types of democracy from the many other political systems that claimed to be democratic. Its principal characteristics are the existence of more than one political party, relatively open processes of government and political debate, and a separation of powers. Totalitarian has been applied to both fascist and communist states and denotes a system where all power is centralized in the state, which in turn is controlled by a single party that derives its legitimacy from an exclusive ideology. Autocracy describes a form of government that has emerged in a number.
Of Third World countries, where state power is in the hands either of an individual or of the army; normally ideology is not a central factor, individual freedoms tend to be suppressed where they may constitute a challenge to the authority of the ruling group, and there is a reliance upon force. Other useful distinctions are between federal governments (where powers are dispersed among various regions which in certain respects are self-governing) and unitary governments (where powers are concentrated in a central authority); and between presidential (where the head of state is also the directly elected head of government, not part of the legislature) and parliamentary systems (where the government is drawn from an elected legislature that can dismiss it).

ministry [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Latin ministerium. Related to Minister, Mystery a trade.
A government department under the direction of a minister.
Religious ministers collectively (especially Presbyterian).
The building where the business of a government ministry is transacted.

rection [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

reign [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. regne, Old Fren. reigne, regne, French rčgne, from Latin regnum, from rex, regis, a king, from regere to guide, rule. Related to Regal, Regimen.
(Homonym: rain, rein).
A period during which something or somebody is dominant or powerful.
Royal authority; the dominion of a monarch; SYN. sovereignty.
The period during which a monarch is sovereign.

rule [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

ETYM Old Eng. reule, riule, Old Fren. riule, reule, French régle, from Latin regula a ruler, rule, model, from regere, rectum, to lead straight, to direct. Related to Right, Regular.
A systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order.
A principle or condition that customarily governs behavior; SYN. regulation.
A rule describing (or prescribing) a linguistic practice; SYN. linguistic rule.
Prescribed guide for conduct or action; SYN. prescript.
Directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted.
(Mathematics) A standard procedure for solving a class of problems; SYN. formula.
The duration of a monarch's or government's power.
A strip of wood or metal or plastic with a straight edge that is used for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths; SYN. ruler.

sarkar [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

(term used in South Asia) person who is in authority (such as a landowner)

sirkar [ imenica {arhaično, zastarelo} ]
Generiši izgovor

state [ imenica ]
Generiši izgovor

A politically organized body of people under a single government; SYN. nation, country, land, commonwealth, res publica, body politic.
The territory occupied by one of the constituent administrative districts of a nation; SYN. province.
The group of people comprising the government of a sovereign state
The way something is with respect to its main attributes
(Informal) A state of depression or agitation
Territory that forms its own domestic and foreign policy, acting through laws that are typically decided by a government and carried out, by force if necessary, by agents of that government. It can be argued that growth of regional international bodies such as the European Union (formerly the European Community) means that states no longer enjoy absolute sovereignty.
Although most states are members of the United Nations, this is not a completely reliable criterion: some are not members by choice, like Switzerland; some have been deliberately excluded, like Taiwan; and some are members but do not enjoy complete national sovereignty. The classic definition of a state is given by R M MacIver (The Modern State 1926): “An association which, acting through law as promulgated by a government endowed to this end with coercive power, maintains within a community territorially demarcated the universal external conditions of social order.” There are four essential elements in this definition: that people have formed an association to create and preserve social order; that the community comprising the state is clearly defined in territorial terms; that the government representing the people acts according to promulgated laws; and that it has power to enforce these laws.
Today, the state is seen as the nation state so that any community that has absolute sovereignty over a specific area is a state. Thus the so-called states of the us, which are to some degree subject to the will of the federal government, are not states in international terms, nor are colonial or similar possessions, which, too, are subject to an overriding authority.



Moji prevodi