1. A state in New England; Also called: Green Mountain State.
2. Village in Illinois (USA); zip code 61484.
State in NE US; nicknamed Green Mountain State.
area 24,900 sq km/9,611 sq mi.
towns and cities Burlington, Rutland, Barre.
features Green Mountain national forest, with brilliant autumn foliage; Mount Mansfield (1,339 m/4,393 ft), the highest peak in the state; Lake Champlain; no large cities or industrial areas; covered bridges; Bennington, site of the Battle of Bennington 1777, with the Bennington Battle Monument and Bennington Museum, with paintings by Grandma Moses; Newfane, with Greek Revival courthouse; birthplace and family home of Calvin Coolidge at Plymouth; Woodstock (settled 1761), site of America’s first ski tow (1934); Middlebury College (1800); Shelburne museum of the history of American life; State House, Montpelier; Marlboro Music Festival; Barre, the site of the world’s largest granite quarry; Trapp Family Lodge, Stowe; winter sports.
industries apples, maple syrup, dairy products, china clay, granite, marble, slate, business machines, paper and allied products; tourism is important.
famous people Chester A Arthur, Calvin Coolidge, John Dewey.
history explored by the Frenchman Samuel de Champlain from 1609; settled by French 1666 and English 1724; became a state 1791.
The first French settlement was at Fort Ste Anne 1666; first English settlers 1724 at Fort Drummer (now Brattleboro). England controlled the area from 1763 after the French and Indian War. The Green Mountain Boys, organized 1764 to protect Vermont from New York's territorial claims, captured Ticonderoga and Crown Point from the British 1775.
After the Civil War—in which half the men of military age joined the army, and one in seven lost his life—young people tended to move west, and the state economy stagnated. Tourism now accounts for more than 20% of the gross state product. The “back to the earth” movement has brought new farmers, businesses, and second-home owners to Vermont, so the population and cultural activities grow.
Abbreviation for Vermont, a state of the US.