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Vels [ muški rod {geologija} ]

Država u Velikoj Britaniji.

Cymru [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

Welsh name for Wales.

Wales [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

City in Alaska (USA); zip code 99783.
City in North Dakota (USA); zip code 58281.
One of the four countries that make up the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland; Also called: Cymru.
Town in Utah (USA).
Village in Wisconsin (USA); zip code 53183.
(Welsh Cymru) Principality of; constituent part of the UK, in the W between the British Channel and the Irish Sea.
area 20,7sq km/8,0sq mi.
capital Cardiff.
towns and cities Swansea, Wrexham, Newport, Carmarthen.
features Snowdonia Mountains (Snowdon 1,0m/3,5ft, the highest point in England and Wales) in the NW and in the SE the Black Mountains, Brecon Beacons, and Black Forest ranges; rivers Severn, Wye, Usk, and Dee.
exports traditional industries, such as coal (there are no functioning pits left in Wales) and steel, have declined, but varied modern and high-technology ventures are being developed. There are oil refineries. Wales has the largest concentration of Japanese-owned plants in the UK. It also has the highest density of sheep in the world and a dairy industry; tourism is important.
currency pound sterling.

language English, 1Welsh-speaking.
religion Nonconformist Protestant denominations; Roman Catholic minority.
government returns members to the UK Parliament.
for ancient history, see also Britain, ancient.
c. 4BC Wales occupied by Celts from central Europe.
AD 50–Wales became part of the Roman Empire.
c. 2Christianity adopted.
c. 450–6Wales became the chief Celtic stronghold in the west since the Saxons invaded and settled in S Britain. The Celtic tribes united against England.
8th century Frontier pushed back to Offa’s Dyke.
9th–11th centuries Vikings raided the coasts. At this time Wales was divided into small states organized on a clan basis, although princes such as Rhodri (844–878), Howel the Good (c. 904–949), and Griffith ap Llewelyn (1039–106temporarily united the country.
11th–12th centuries Continual pressure on Wales from the Normans across the English border was resisted, notably by Llewelyn I and II.
12Edward I of England accepted as overlord by the Welsh.
12Edward I completed the conquest of Wales that had been begun by the Normans.
12Revolt against English rule put down by Edward I.
1350–15Welsh nationalist uprisings against the English; the most notable was that led by Owen Glendower.
14Henry Tudor, a Welshman, became Henry VII of England.
1536–Acts of Union united England and Wales after conquest under Henry VIII. Wales sent representatives to the English Parliament; English law was established in Wales; English became the official language.
18th century Evangelical revival made Nonconformism a powerful factor in Welsh life. A strong coal and iron industry developed in the south.
19th century The miners and ironworkers were militant supporters of Chartism, and Wales became a stronghold of labor unionism and socialism.
18University of Wales founded.
1920s–3Wales suffered from industrial depression; unemployment reached 2193and a considerable exodus of population took place.
post-19Growing nationalist movement and a revival of the language, earlier suppressed or discouraged.
19Plaid Cymru, the Welsh National Party, returned its first member to Westminster.
19Referendum rejected a proposal for limited home rule.
19Bombing campaign against estate agents selling Welsh properties to English buyers.
For other history, see also England: history; United Kingdom.

Vels [ muški rod {N/A} ]

Američki filmski režiser, sineasta, "Građanin Kejn", "Treći čovek".

Welles [ muški rod {N/A} ]
Generiši izgovor

(George) (1915-198US actor and film and theater director. His first film was Citizen Kane 194which he produced, directed, and starred in. Using innovative lighting, camera angles and movements, it is a landmark in the history of cinema, yet he subsequently directed very few films in Hollywood, and worked mainly in Europe. His performances as an actor include the character of Harry Lime in The Third Man 1949.
In 19he founded the Mercury Theater, New York, with John Houseman, where their repertory productions included a modern-dress version of Julius Caesar. Welles’ realistic radio broadcast of H G Wells’ The War of the Worlds 19caused panic and fear of Martian invasion in the US. His films include The Magnificent Ambersons 194The Lady from Shanghai 19with his wife Rita Hayworth, Touch of Evil 195and Chimes at Midnight 196a Shakespeare adaptation.
A child prodigy, Welles made his acting debut at in Dublin and toured with Katherine Cornell's company in the US. As his career declined he became a familiar voice and face in US television commercials, and made guest appearances on TV shows.

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