Tunis prevod, Srpsko - Engleski rečnik i prevodilac teksta

Prevod reči: Tunis

Smer prevoda: srpski > engleski

Tunis [ muški rod {geologija} ]

Država na severu Afrike.
Glavni grad te države.

Tunis [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

The capital and principal port of Tunisia; Also called: capital of Tunisia.
Capital and chief port of Tunisia; Industries include chemicals and textiles. Founded by the Arabs, it was captured by the Turks 153then occupied by the French 18and by the Axis powers 1942–4The ruins of ancient Carthage are to the NE.

Tunisia [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

A republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean.
Country in N Africa, on the Mediterranean Sea, bounded SE by Libya and W by Algeria.
government
The 19constitution, amended 198provides for a president, who is both head of state and government, elected by universal suffrage for a five-year term. The president cannot serve more than three consecutive terms. There is a single-chamber, 163-member national assembly, also directly elected for a five-year term (1by simple majority voting and by proportional representation). The president appoints a prime minister and a council of ministers.
history
Founded as Carthage by the Phoenicians in the 8th century BC, Tunisia was under Arab rule from the 7th century AD until it became part of the Ottoman Empire 157It harbored the Barbary Coast pirates until the 19th century. It became a French protectorate 1881.
The Destour Socialist Party (PSD), founded 19by Habib Bourguiba, led Tunisia's campaign for independence from France. The country achieved internal self-government 19and full independence 195with Bourguiba as prime minister. A year later the monarchy was abolished, and Tunisia became a republic, with Bourguiba as president. A new constitution was adopted 195and the first national assembly elected. Between 19and 19the PSD was the only legally recognized party, but since then others have been allowed. In Nov 19the PSD won all the assembly seats, while other parties boycotted the elections.
foreign affairs
President Bourguiba followed a distinctive foreign policy, establishing links with the Western powers, including the US, but joining other Arab states in condemning the US-inspired Egypt–Israel treaty. He allowed the Palestine Liberation Organization to use Tunis as its headquarters, provoking an Israeli attack 19and straining relations with the US. Diplomatic links with Libya were severed 1985.
Bourguiba's firm and paternalistic rule, and his long period in Tunisian politics, made him a national legend. However, in Nov 19he was deposed and replaced by Zine el-Abidine Ben Ali. In July 198a number of significant constitutional changes were announced, presaging a move to more pluralist politics, but in the April 19elections the renamed PSD, now the Constitutional Democratic Rally (RCD), won all 1assembly seats. During the Gulf War Jan-Feb 19which followed Iraq's invasion of Kuwait, there were anti-US protests in Tunisia.
crackdown on Islamic militants
Ben Ali's active repression and alleged torture of Islamic fundamentalists provoked criticism from Western nations Jan 199The West saw the government crackdown as a major setback in Tunisia's progress toward democracy.
Changes to the electoral system were approved 199introducing proportional representation for of the 1seats in the national assembly. In the March 19presidential election Ben Ali, as the only candidate, won 9of the vote. The RCD won more than 9of the vote in the concurrent assembly elections.



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