ETYM Late Lat. combinatio. Related to Combine.
1. A collection of things that have been combined; an assemblage of separate parts or qualities.
2. A group of people (often temporary) having a common purpose.
3. A sequence of numbers or letters that opens a combination lock.
4. An alliance of people or corporations or countries for a special purpose (formerly to achieve some antisocial end but now for general political or economic purposes).
5. An occurrence that results in things being combined; SYN. combining, combine.
6. The act of arranging elements into specified groups without regard to order.
7. The act of combining things; SYN. combining, compounding.
In mathematics, a selection of a number of objects from some larger number of objects when no account is taken of order within any one arrangement. For example, 123, 213, and 312 are regarded as the same combination of three digits from 1234. Combinatorial analysis is used in the study of probability.
The number of ways of selecting r objects from a group of n is given by the formula.
N!/[r!(n - r)!] (see factorial). This is usually denoted by nCr.
ETYM Latin complexus.
1. A conceptual whole made up of complicated and related parts; SYN. composite.
2. A compound described in terms of the central atom to which other atoms are bound or coordinated; SYN. coordination compound.
3. (Psychoanalysis) A combination of emotions and impulses that have been rejected from awareness but still influence a person's behavior.
In psychology, a group of ideas and feelings that have become repressed because they are distasteful to the person in whose mind they arose, but are still active in the depths of the person's unconscious mind, continuing to affect his or her life and actions, even though he or she is no longer fully aware of their existence. Typical examples include the Oedipus complex and the inferiority complex.
ETYM French complexion, from Latin complexio. Related to Complex, a.
1. Texture and appearance of the skin of the face; SYN. skin condition.
2. The coloring of a person's face; SYN. complection, skin color, skin colour.
Sinonimi: composite plant
ETYM See Composite (adj).
Considered the most highly evolved dicotyledonous plants, characterized by florets arranged in dense heads that resemble single flowers; SYN. composite plant.
(thing) composed of a number of parts; compound.
In classical architecture, one of the five types of column. See order.
In industry, any purpose-designed engineering material created by combining single materials with complementary properties into a composite form. Most composites have a structure in which one component consists of discrete elements, such as fibers, dispersed in a continuous matrix. For example, lengths of asbestos, glass, or carbon steel, or “whiskers” (specially grown crystals a few millimeters long) of substances such as silicon carbide may be dispersed in plastics, concrete, or steel.
ETYM French composition, from Latin compositio. Related to Composite.
In music, the process of combining sounds creatively to yield a work; also, the work itself.
1. Something that is created by arranging several things to form a unified whole.
2. An essay (especially one written as an assignment); SYN. paper, report, theme.
3. A work of music; SYN. work, score.
4. A mixture of ingredients.
5. The spatial property resulting from the arrangement of parts in relation to each other and to the whole; SYN. composing.
1. A harmonious uniformity or agreement among things or parts; SYN. consistence.
2. Logical coherence and accordance with the facts.
3. (Logic) An attribute of a logical system that is so constituted that none of the propositions deducible from the axioms contradict one another.
4. The property of holding together and retaining its shape; SYN. consistence, body.
Body of fundamental laws of a state, laying down the system of government and defining the relations of the legislature, executive, and judiciary to each other and to the citizens. Since the French Revolution almost all countries (the UK is an exception) have adopted written constitutions; that of the US (1787) is the oldest.
The proliferation of legislation during the 1970s, often carried on the basis of a small majority in the Commons and by governments elected by an overall minority of votes, led to demands such as those by the organization Charter 88 for the introduction of a written constitution as a safeguard for the liberty of the individual.
ETYM Latin constructio: cf. French construction.
1. A group of words that form a constituent of a sentence and are considered as a single unit; SYN. expression.
2. An interpretation of a text or action; SYN. twist.
3. Drawing a figure satisfying certain conditions as part of solving a problem or proving a theorem.
4. The act of constructing or building something; SYN. building.
5. The commercial activity involved in constructing buildings; SYN. building.
6. The creation of a construct; the process of combining ideas into a congruous object of thought; SYN. mental synthesis.
ETYM French essai, from Latin exagium a weighing, weight, balance.
1. A tentative attempt.
2. An analytic or interpretive literary composition.
Short piece of nonfiction, often dealing with a particular subject from a personal point of view. The essay became a recognized genre with French writer Montaigne’s Essais 1580 and in English with Francis Bacon’s Essays 1597. Today the essay is a part of journalism: articles in the broadsheet newspapers are in the essay tradition.
Abraham Cowley, whose essays appeared 1668, brought a greater ease and freedom to the genre than it had possessed before in England, but it was with the development of periodical literature in the 18th century that the essay became a widely used form. The great names are Joseph Addison and Richard Steele, with their Tatler and Spectator papers, and later Samuel Johnson and Oliver Goldsmith. In North America the politician and scientist Benjamin Franklin was noted for his style.
A new era was inaugurated by Charles Lamb’s Essays of Elia 1820; to the same period belong Leigh Hunt, William Hazlitt, and Thomas De Quincey in England, C A Sainte-Beuve in France, and Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry Thoreau in the US. From the 19th century the essay was increasingly used in Europe and the US as a vehicle for literary criticism. Hazlitt may be regarded as the originator of the critical essay, and his successors include Matthew Arnold and Edmund Gosse. Thomas Macaulay, whose essays began to appear shortly after those of Lamb, presents a strong contrast to Lamb with his vigorous but less personal tone.
There was a revival of the form during the closing years of the 19th and beginning of the 20th centuries, in the work of R L Stevenson, Oliver Wendell Holmes, Anatole France, Théophile Gautier, and Max Beerbohm. The literary journalistic tradition of the essay was continued by James Thurber, Mark Twain, H L Mencken, Edmund Wilson, Desmond MacCarthy, and others, and the critical essay by George Orwell, Cyril Connolly, F R Leavis, T S Eliot, Norman Mailer, John Updike, and others.
ETYM Latin fabrica fabric, workshop: cf. French fabrique fabric. Related to Forge.
Something made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers; SYN. cloth, material, textile.
ETYM Latin formatio: cf. French formation.
1. A particular arrangement.
2. An arrangement of people or things acting as a unit.
3. The fabrication of something in a particular shape; SYN. shaping.
1. Something composed of parts fitted together and united
2. The physical makeup of an animal and especially a human body; physique, figure
3. The underlying constructional system or structure that gives shape or strength (as to a building)
4. A frame dwelling
5. A machine built upon or within a framework
6. An open case or structure made for admitting, enclosing, or supporting something
7. A part of a pair of glasses that holds one of the lenses
9. A structural unit in an automobile chassis supported on the axles and supporting the rest of the chassis and the body
10. An enclosing border; the matter or area enclosed in such a border
11. One of a series of still transparent photographs on a strip of film used in making movies.
ETYM Latin structura, from struere, structum, to arrange, build, construct; perhaps akin to Eng. strew: cf. French structure. Related to Construe, Destroy, Instrument, Obstruct.
1. A particular complex anatomical structure; SYN. anatomical structure, complex body part, bodily structure, body structure.
2. A thing constructed; a complex construction or entity; SYN. construction.
3. The complex composition of knowledge as elements and their combinations.
4. The manner of construction of something and the disposition of its parts; SYN. architecture.
1. The act of changing or reversing the direction of the course; SYN. turning.
2. Turning away or in the opposite direction.
3. The activity of doing something in an agreed succession; or; SYN. play.
4. An unforeseen development; SYN. turn of events, twist.
5. A favor for someone; SYN. good turn.
6. Taking a short walk out and back.
7. (In sports) A period of play during which one team is on the offensive; SYN. bout, round.