Norma, regula, zakonska odredba.
ETYM French cannon, from Latin canna reed, pipe, tube. Related to Cane.
1. A large piece of artillery, usually mounted on wheels.
2. Heavy automatic gun fired from an airplane.
3. (Medieval) A cylindrical piece of armor plate to protect the arm.
4. Lower part of the leg extending from the hock to the fetlock in hoofed mammals; SYN. shank.
Body of fundamental laws of a state, laying down the system of government and defining the relations of the legislature, executive, and judiciary to each other and to the citizens. Since the French Revolution almost all countries (the UK is an exception) have adopted written constitutions; that of the US (1787) is the oldest.
The proliferation of legislation during the 1970s, often carried on the basis of a small majority in the Commons and by governments elected by an overall minority of votes, led to demands such as those by the organization Charter 88 for the introduction of a written constitution as a safeguard for the liberty of the individual.
ETYM Old Eng. decre, French décret, from Latin decretum, neut. decretus, p. p. of decernere to decide; de- + cernere to decide. Related to Certain, Decreet, Decretal.
A legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge); SYN. edict, fiat, order, rescript.
ETYM AS. daed.
1. A legal document signed and sealed and delivered to effect a transfer of property and to show the legal right to possess it; SYN. deed of conveyance, title.
2. A notable achievement; SYN. feat, effort, exploit.
ETYM Latin dictatum. Related to Dictate.
1. A guiding principle.
2. An authoritative rule.
Sinonimi: expression | chemical formula
ETYM Latin, dim. of forma form, model. SeeForm.
1. A conventionalized statement expressing some fundamental principle.
2. A group of symbols that make a mathematical statement; SYN. expression.
3. A liquid food for infants, usually based on milk.
4. A representation of a substance using symbols for its constituent elements; SYN. chemical formula.
ETYM Latin institutum: cf. French institut. Related to Institute.
An association organized to promote art or science or education.
ETYM Latin praeceptum, from praecipere to take beforehand, to instruct, teach; prae before + capere to take: cf. French précepte. Related to Pre-, and Capacious.
A principle or tenet.
Rule of conduct; law; command.
ETYM French prescription, Latin praescriptio, an inscription, preface, precept, demurrer, prescription, from praescribere. Related to Prescribe.
In medicine, an order written in a recognized form by a practitioner of medicine, dentistry, or veterinary surgery to a pharmacist for a preparation of medications to be used in treatment.
By tradition it used to be written in Latin, except for the directions addressed to the patient. It consists of (1) the superscription recipe (“take”), contracted to Rx; (2) the inscription or body, containing the names and quantities of the drugs to be dispensed; (3) the subscription, or directions to the pharmacist; (4) the signature, followed by directions to the patient; and (5) the patient’s name, the date, and the practitioner’s name.
1. Directions for achieving a therapeutic effect.
2. Written instructions for an optician on the lenses for a given person.
3. Written instructions from a physician or dentist to a druggist concerning the form and dosage of a drug to be issued to a given patient.
ETYM Latin provisio: cf. French provision. Related to Provide.
1. A stipulated condition; SYN. proviso.
2. The activity of supplying or providing something; SYN. providing, supply, supplying.
Money set aside by a company to pay for tax or dividend payments that it will have to pay in the future.
A company may use its provisions to add to its working capital, effectively borrowing the money it owes rather than increasing its bank borrowings. However, this strategy carries some risk since the company would become insolvent if, when the time came for the tax to be paid, it did not have the liquid assets to pay the tax. A company may also make provisions against the possibility that some of the money owed by debtors may not be paid, thus becoming bad debts.
1. An authoritative rule or law; SYN. ordinance.
2. The act of regulating; SYN. regulating.
ETYM Old Eng. reule, riule, Old Fren. riule, reule, French régle, from Latin regula a ruler, rule, model, from regere, rectum, to lead straight, to direct. Related to Right, Regular.
1. A systematic body of regulations defining the way of life of members of a religious order.
2. A principle or condition that customarily governs behavior; SYN. regulation.
3. A rule describing (or prescribing) a linguistic practice; SYN. linguistic rule.
4. Prescribed guide for conduct or action; SYN. prescript.
5. Directions that define the way a game or sport is to be conducted.
6. (Mathematics) A standard procedure for solving a class of problems; SYN. formula.
7. The duration of a monarch's or government's power.
8. A strip of wood or metal or plastic with a straight edge that is used for drawing straight lines and measuring lengths; SYN. ruler.
ETYM French, from Latin statua (akin to stativus standing still), from stare, statum, to stand. Related to Stand.
A sculpture representing a human or animal.
Sinonimi: full term
ETYM French terme, Latin termen, -inis, terminus, a boundary limit, end.
In architecture, a pillar in the form of a pedestal supporting the bust of a human or animal figure. Such objects derive from Roman boundary marks sacred to Terminus, the god of boundaries.
1. A limited period of time.
2. A word or expression used for some particular thing.
3. Any distinct quantity contained in a polynomial.
4. One of the substantive phrases in a logical proposition.
5. The end of gestation or point at which birth is imminent; SYN. full term.
Sinonimi: judicial writ
ETYM AS. writ, gewrit. Related to Write.
A legal document issued by a court or judicial officer; SYN. judicial writ.
In law, a document issued by a court requiring performance of certain actions.
Examples include a writ of habeas corpus, a writ of certiorari by which the US Supreme Court calls up cases from inferior courts for review, or writ of attachment of property in civil litigation.