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1. A state in New England; one of the original 13 colonies; Also called: Granite State.
2. One of the British colonies that formed the United States.
State in NE US; nicknamed Granite State
area 24,000 sq km/9,264 sq mi
towns and cities Manchester, Nashua
features the Connecticut River, forming the boundary with Vermont; the White Mountains, the highest mountains in New England, including Mount Washington (1,917 m/6,288 ft) with its cog railroad (1869, the world’s first mountain climbing railroad), and the Old Man of the Mountains, a rocky formation resembling the profile of a man, above Profile Lake, Franconia Notch; Mount Monadnock; 29 km/18 mi of sea coast, including Hampton Beach, with a 5-km/3-mi boardwalk, and Great Bay estuary; whale watching; Isle of Shoals, with a religious conference center on Star Island, and the home of 19th-century poet Celia Thaxter on Appledore Island; Lake Winnipesaukee, with over 200 inhabited islands; over 80% forested; ski and tourist resorts; Odiorne Point state park, Rye, site of the first settlement; Fort Constitution at Newcastle, a British fort raided by rebels 1774 who used the stolen gunpowder against the British at the Battle of Bunker Hill; Strawbery Banke, Portsmouth, an outdoor museum of over 40 historic buildings
; Exeter, settled 1638, the Colonial capital during the American Revolution, with 18th-and 19th-century houses, Gilman Garrison House (c. 1690), and Phillips Exeter Academy (founded 1781); Dartmouth College (1769), at Hanover, with murals by the Mexican artist Orozco in the Baker Memorial Library; farm at Derry, home of the poet Robert Frost, who wrote ‘New Hampshire’ (1923); home of Mary Baker Eddy, founder of Christian Science, at Concord; Cathedral of the Pines, Rindge, an outdoor cathedral dedicated to the war dead; Currier Gallery of Art, Manchester; Saint Gaudens national historic site, Cornish; MacDowell Colony at Peterborough, founded 1907 for writers and composers; the earliest presidential primaries; the only state with no state income tax or sales tax
industries dairy, poultry, fruits, and vegetables; electrical and other machinery; pulp and paper
famous people Mary Baker Eddy, Robert Frost
history settled as a fishing colony near Rye and Dover 1623; separated from Massachusetts colony 1679. As leaders in the Revolutionary cause, its leaders received the honor of being the first to declare independence from Britain 4 July 1776. It became a state 1788, one of the original 13 states.
In the 19th century, abundant water power allowed textile mills to flourish, but the industry later declined. The state experienced rapid growth after 1970, as people and industry— especially high-technology businesses—moved N from the Boston area into S New Hampshire.