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Grenada [ ženski rod {geologija} ]

Grad u SAD-u.
Karipsko ostrvo.

Barbados [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

A British colony in the West Indies about 3miles north of Venezuela; a popular resort area.
Island country in the Caribbean, one of the Lesser Antilles. It is about 4km/3mi N of Venezuela.
government
The bicameral legislature dates from 162when the British settled. The constitution dates from 19and provides for a system of parliamentary government on the British model, with a prime minister and cabinet drawn from and responsible to the legislature, which consists of a Senate and a House of Assembly. The Senate has members appointed by the governor-general, on the advice of the prime minister, two on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and the rest on the basis of wider consultations. The House of Assembly has members elected by universal suffrage. The legislature has a maximum life of five years and may be dissolved within this period. The governor-general appoints both the prime minister (on the basis of support in the House of Assembly) and the leader of the opposition.
history
Originally inhabited by Arawak Indians, who were wiped out soon after the arrival of the first Europeans, Barbados became a British colony 16and remained so until independence 196Universal adult suffrage was introduced 195and the Barbados Labour Party (BLP) won the first general election. Ministerial government was established 195and BLP leader Grantley Adams became the first prime minister.
A group broke away from the BLP 19and formed the Democratic Labour Party (DLP). Six years later full internal self-government was achieved, and in the 19general election the DLP was victorious under its leader Errol Barrow.
independence
When Barbados attained full independence 196Barrow became its first prime minister. The DLP was reelected 197but in the 19general election the BLP—led now by Grantley Adams's son Tom—ended Barrow's 15-year rule.
foreign relations
Both parties were committed to maintaining free enterprise and alignment with the US, although the DLP government established diplomatic relations with Cuba 19and the BLP administration supported the US invasion of Grenada 1983.
end of two-party system
The BLP was reelected 198After Adams's sudden death 19he was succeeded by his deputy, Bernard St John, a former BLP leader. In the 19general election the DLP, led by Barrow, was returned to power with of the seats in the house of assembly. Errol Barrow died 19and was succeeded by Erskine Lloyd Sandiford. A new opposition party, the centrist National Democratic Party, was formed 198The DLP obtained seats with 4of the vote in Jan 19elections, and the BLP only seats with 4of the vote. In the Sept 19general election the fortunes of the BLP were restored and its new leader, Owen Arthur, became prime minister.

Dominica [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

A country on the island of Dominica.
A volcanic island in the Windward Islands.
Island in the E Caribbean, between Guadeloupe and Martinique, the largest of the Windward Islands, with the Atlantic Ocean to the E and the Caribbean Sea to the W.
government
Dominica is an independent republic within the British Commonwealth. The constitution dates from independence 19and provides for a single-chamber, 30-member house of assembly. Twenty-one are representatives elected by universal suffrage, and nine are appointed senators, five on the advice of the prime minister and four on the advice of the leader of the opposition. The assembly serves a five-year term, as does the president, who is elected by it and acts as constitutional head of state, appointing the prime minister on the basis of assembly support. The prime minister chooses the cabinet, and all are responsible to the assembly.
history
The island was inhabited by the Amerindian Caribs at the time Christopher Columbus visited it 14(since Columbus arrived at the island on a Sunday, he named it Dominica). It became a British possession in the 18th century and was part of the Leeward Islands federation until 193In 19it was transferred to the Windward Islands and remained attached to that group until 196when it was given separate status, with a chief minister and legislative council.
full independence achieved
In 19the leader of the Dominica Labour Party (DLP), Edward le Blanc, became chief minister; after years in office he retired and was succeeded as prime minister by Patrick John. The DLP held office until full independence was achieved 197at which time its leader, John, became the first prime minister under the new constitution. Opposition to John's increasingly authoritarian style of government soon developed, and in the 19elections the Dominica Freedom Party (DFP) won a convincing victory on a free-enterprise program. Its leader, Eugenia Charles, became the Caribbean's first woman prime minister.
antigovernment intrigue
In 19John was thought to be implicated in a plot against the government, and a state of emergency was imposed. The next year he was tried and acquitted. He was retried 198found guilty, and given a 12-year prison sentence. Left-of-center parties regrouped, making the new Labour Party of Dominica (LPD) the main opposition to the DFP.
Eugenia Charles was reelected 198and, with a reduced majority, 199He resigned as leader of the DFP Aug 19but continued as prime minister.
foreign relations
Under Eugenia Charles's leadership, Dominica developed links with France and the US and in 19sent a small force to participate in the US-backed invasion of Grenada. In 19representatives of Dominica, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, and Grenada proposed federal integration of the Windward Islands and a draft constitution was produced but not implemented.

Grenada [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

An island state in the West Indies; an independent state within the British Commonwealth.
City in Mississippi (USA); zip code 38901.
Island country in the Caribbean, the southernmost of the Windward Islands.
government.
The constitution, which dates from full independence 197provides for a system modeled on that of Britain, with a resident governor-general, representing the British monarch, as the formal head of state, and a prime minister and cabinet drawn from and collectively responsible to parliament.
Parliament consists of two chambers, a 15-member House of Representatives, elected by universal suffrage, and a Senate of 1appointed by the governor-general, seven on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and three after wider consultation. Both serve five-year terms.
history.
Prior to the arrival of Christopher Columbus 149Grenada was inhabited by Carib Indians. The island was eventually colonized by France 16and ceded to Britain 178Grenada remained a British colony until 195when it joined the Federation of the West Indies until its dissolution 196Internal self-government was achieved 19and full independence within the Commonwealth 197The early political life of the nation was dominated by two figures: Eric Gairy, a labor-union leader who founded the Grenada United Labour Party (GULP) 195and Herbert Blaize, of the Grenada National Party (GNP).
after independence.
On independence 197Gairy was elected prime minister. He was knighted 197but his rule became increasingly autocratic and corrupt, and he was replaced 19in a bloodless coup by the leader of the left-wing New Jewel Movement (NJM), Maurice Bishop. Bishop suspended the 19constitution, established a People's Revolutionary Government, and announced the formation of a people's consultative assembly to draft a new constitution. He promised a nonaligned foreign policy but became convinced that the US was involved in a plot to destabilize his administration; this was strongly denied.
Grenada's relations with Britain and the US deteriorated while links with Cuba and the USSR grew stronger. In 19Bishop tried to improve relations with the US and announced the appointment of a commission to draft a new constitution. His conciliatory attitude was opposed by the more left-wing members of his regime, resulting in a military coup, during which Bishop and three of his colleagues were executed.
US-led invasion.
A Revolutionary Military Council (RMC), led by General Hudson Austin, took control. In response to public outcry at the executions, Austin promised an early return to civilian rule, but on Oct about 1,9US troops, accompanied by 3from Jamaica and Barbados, invaded the island. It was not clear whether the invasion was in response to a request from the governor-general or on the initiative of the Organization of Eastern Caribbean States. The RMC forces were defeated and Austin and his colleagues arrested.
new political parties.
In Nov 19the governor general appointed a nonpolitical interim council, and the 19constitution was reinstated. Several political parties emerged from hiding, including Eric Gairy's GULP and Herbert Blaize's GNP. After considerable maneuvering, an informal coalition of center and left-of-center parties formed the New National Party (NNP), led by Blaize. In the 19general election the NNP won a clear majority in the House of Representatives and Blaize became prime minister.
The US withdrew most of its forces by the end of 19and the remainder by July 198In party elections Jan 198Blaize lost the leadership of the NNP to Keith Mitchell but continued as prime minister. Blaize died Dec 19and was succeeded by a close colleague, Ben Jones. Elections in 19brought Nicholas Braithwaite of the National Democratic Congress to power. George Brizan succeeded Braithwaite as premier and NDC leader Sept 1994.
In 19representatives of Dominica, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, and Grenada proposed federal integration of the Windward Islands.

Grenadines [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

Chain of about 6small islands in the Caribbean Sea, part of the group known as the Windward Islands. They are divided between St Vincent and Grenada.

St Lucia [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

Country in the West Indies, in the E Caribbean Sea, one of the Windward Islands.
government
The constitution dates from independence 197The governor-general is the formal head of state, representing the British monarch. The governor-general appoints a prime minister and cabinet, drawn from and responsible to the assembly.
There is a two-chamber parliament comprising the Senate, of appointed members, and the House of Assembly, of members, elected from single-member constituencies by universal suffrage. Six senators are appointed by the governor-general on the advice of the prime minister, three on the advice of the leader of the opposition, and two after wider consultation. Parliament has a life of up to five years.
history
The original inhabitants were Carib Indians. Columbus arrived 150The island was settled by the French 163who introduced slavery, and ceded to Britain 180It became a crown colony 1814.
independence
St Lucia was a colony within the Windward Islands federal system until 196and acquired internal self-government 19as a West Indies associated state. The leader of the United Workers' Party (UWP), John Compton, became prime minister. In 19the associated states agreed to seek independence separately, and in Feb 197after prolonged negotiations, St Lucia achieved full independence within the Commonwealth, with Compton as prime minister.
The St Lucia Labour Party (SLP) came to power 19led by Allan Louisy, but a split developed within the party, and in 19Louisy was forced to resign, being replaced by the attorney general, Winston Cenac.
Soon afterwards George Odlum, who had been Louisy's deputy, left with two other SLP members to form a new party, the Progressive Labour Party. During the next year the Cenac government had to fight off calls for a change of government that culminated in a general strike. Cenac eventually resigned, and in the 19general election the UWP won a decisive victory, enabling John Compton to return as prime minister. In the 19general election, Compton's UWP was only narrowly returned by a 9:8 majority over the SLP, but it went on to win its fourth consecutive victory in the 19general election.
In Sept 19representatives of Dominica, St Lucia, St Vincent and the Grenadines, and Grenada proposed federal integration of the Windward Islands.

St. Vincent [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

City in Minnesota (USA).

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