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Aljaska [ ženski rod {geologija} ]

Jedna od SAD, 49.

AK [ skraćenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

Abbreviation for the state of Alaska, US.

Alas. [ skraćenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor


Alaska [ imenica {geologija} ]
Generiši izgovor

A state in northwestern North America; the 49th state admitted to the union; Also called: Last Frontier.
Largest state of the US, on the northwest extremity of North America, separated from the lower states by British Columbia; nicknamed Last Frontier; territories include Aleutian Islands.
total area 1,530,7sq km/591,0sq mi.
land area 1,478,4sq km/570,8sq mi.
capital Juneau.
towns and cities Anchorage, Fairbanks, Fort Yukon, Holy Cross, Nome.
physical much of Alaska is mountainous and includes Mount McKinley (Denali), 6,1m/20,3ft, the highest peak in North America, surrounded by Denali national park. Caribou (descended from 2,0reindeer imported from Siberia in early 1900s) thrive in the Arctic tundra, and elsewhere there are extensive forests.
features Denali national park (6 million acres) with Mount McKinley and Wonder Lake; Glacier Bay national park, a marine reserve; Katmai national park, a volcanic area, including Mount Katmai, which erupted 19and formed the Valley of Ten Thousand Smokes; the Arctic Wildlife Range; Tongass national forest; Wrangell-St Alias national park, the largest in the US; Kenai Fjords national park; Little Diomede Island, only 4 km/2.5 mi from the Russian Big Diomede; hot springs N of Fairbanks; Aleutian Islands; Yukon River; remains of Russian settlements, including the Russian Bishop’s House in Sitka, capital of Russian America until the sale of Alaska 186Ketchikan, with collections of totem poles at Totem Bight state historical park and Totem Heritage Center; gold rush town of Nome; Skagway historic district; St Nicholas Russian Orthodox Church (1894), Juneau; Alaska State Museum, Juneau; Anchorage Museum of History and Art; Living Museum of the Arctic, Kotzebue; University of Alaska near Fairbanks.
products oil, natural gas, coal, copper, iron, gold, tin, fur, salmon fisheries and canneries, lumber.
; including Native Americans, Aleuts, and Inuits.
history various groups of Indians crossed the Bering land bridge 60,000–15,0years ago; the Eskimo began to settle the Arctic coast from Siberia about 20BC; the Aleuts settled the Aleutian archipelago about 10BC. The first European to visit Alaska was Vitus Bering 174Alaska was a Russian colony from 17until purchased by the US 18for $7,200,00gold was discovered five years later. It became a state 1959.
A Congressional act 19gave environmental protection to million ha/1million acres. Valuable mineral resources have been exploited from 196especially in the Prudhoe Bay area to the SE of Point Barrow. An oil pipeline (197runs from Prudhoe Bay to the port of Valdez. Oil spill from a tanker in Prince William Sound caused great environmental damage 198Under construction is an underground natural-gas pipeline to Chicago and San Francisco.

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