ETYM Old Eng. decrees, Old Fren. decreis, from decreistre. Related to Decrease.
1. A change downward; SYN. lessening, drop-off.
2. A process of becoming smaller; SYN. decrement.
3. The act of decreasing or reducing something; SYN. diminution, reduction, step-down.
4. The amount by which something decreases; SYN. decrement.
ETYM Latin diminutio, or perh. rather deminutio: cf. French diminution. Related to Diminish.
1. The act of diminishing, or of making or becoming less; state of being diminished; reduction in size, quantity, or degree; -- opposed to augmentation or increase.
2. The act of lessening dignity or consideration, or the state of being deprived of dignity; a lowering in estimation; degradation; abasement.
In music, a reduction of interval size, of chord, loudness level, or note values of a theme.
Change moving in a downward direction, drop-off (e.g.: "There was a sharp lessening in sales.")
ETYM French réduction, Latin reductio. Related to Reduce.
In chemistry, the gain of electrons, loss of oxygen, or gain of hydrogen by an atom, ion, or molecule during a chemical reaction.
Reduction may be brought about by reaction with another compound, which is simultaneously oxidized (reducing agent), or electrically at the cathode (negative electrode) of an electric cell.
Photosynthesis—the series of chemical reactions inside chloroplasts—is essentially a mechanism for reducing carbon dioxide to carbohydrate.
1. Any process in which electrons are added to an atom or ion (as by removing oxygen or adding hydrogen); always occurs accompanied by oxidation of the reducing agent; SYN. reducing.
2. The act of reducing complexity; SYN. simplification.