(Textilerzeugnis) Taffet, 1. in den Seidenwebereien übl. Bez. für Leinwandbindung; 2. leinwandbindender Stoff aus Naturseide, Viskose oder Halbseide.
ETYM French taffetas, Italian taffetŕ, from Per. tâftah, originally, twisted, woven, from tâftan to twist, to spin.
A crisp smooth lustrous fabric.
Thin glossy silk.
Light, plain-weave fabric with a high luster, originally silk but today also manufactured from artificial fibers.
Robert, Sohn von 2), 1889, 1953, US-amerik. Politiker (Republikaner); bekämpfte F.D. Roosevelts von der Neutralität wegführenden Kurs. Nach ihm u. F.A. Hartley wurde ein Gesetz von 1947 benannt, das den Einfluß der Gewerkschaften einschränkt.
(1889-1953) US right-wing Republican senator from 1939, and a candidate for the presidential nomination 1940, 1944, 1948, and 1952. He sponsored the Taft–Hartley Labor Act 1947, restricting union power. He was the son of President William Taft.
Taft was born in Cincinnati, Ohio. Known as “Mr Republican”, he was the standard-bearer of the conservative wing of the Republican Party, and he was lost in the liberal tide that swept the US during the 1930s. He was further isolated by his resistance to US involvement against Nazi Germany, a view he held as late as 1943.
William Howard, 1857, 1930, US-amerik. Politiker (Republikaner); 1909–13 (27.) Präs. der USA, warb für den internat. Schiedsgerichtsgedanken; 1921–30 oberster Bundesrichter.
(1857-1930) 27th president of the US 1909–13, a Republican. He was secretary of war 1904–08 in Theodore Roosevelt's administration, but as president his conservatism provoked Roosevelt to stand against him in the 1912 election. Taft served as chief justice of the Supreme Court 1921–30.
Born in Cincinnati, Ohio, Taft graduated from Yale University and Cincinnati Law School. His first interest was always the judiciary, although he accepted a post as governor of the Philippines and took responsibility for the construction of the Panama Canal. His single term as president was characterized by struggles against progressives, although he prosecuted more trusts than had his predecessor. As chief justice of the Supreme Court, he supported a minimum wage.